In November 1998, for example, a division of Hilton Hotels acquired the company that runs Centrebet, a Web and telephone sports-wagering system based in Australia (

Finally, the DoJ believes that any federal law must recognize that the Internet is different from other communications media: It’s a multifaceted communications medium that allows for both point-to-point transmission between two parties (like the telephone), as well as the widespread dissemination of information to a vast audience (like a newspaper). Legislation tied to a particular technology may quickly become obsolete and require further amendment.

It’s not because they operate in any fundamentally different way. If, on the other hand, an activity is in the physical world – betting on horses, or casino betting with Indian tribes – it becomes subject to federal criminal sanction when it occurs in cyberspace. One Australian state, Queensland, is already awarding licenses for online gambling, and others may follow soon. The minimum amount to begin an account varies. “We get daily reports, and you’ll see these people who spend a couple of hours gambling, and the total amount they bet is like $1.81,” says Thomas Holmes, Inland’s head of technology. Failure to account for that specificity in legislation could stifle the Internet’s growth or chill its use as a communications tool. His equal partner is Australian tycoon Kerry Packer of the Crown Casino in Victoria. White’s hesitancy suggests that the law may not be as solid as she thought when she indicted.

So how is it that these companies appear to operate legally, but a dozen Caribbean cowboys found themselves under felony indictment?

The prosecutors’ focus on sports bets appears to stem from legal precedent in the law they relied on. (However, an HBO sports program attempted to locate one of these ventures in Aruba, and ultimately found that the genuine server was in a residential neighborhood in Bethlehem, Pa.) And the Caribbean nations would like to keep their haven status. has had little cooperation from any other nation. FBI agents placed bets on games – uniformly National Football League matches, although many other options are available – and followed up, whether they won or lost. The American Gaming Association, a trade group of gaming firms, maintains this view regarding online wagering: “The industry has been state-regulated and we think it should remain that way. “The telephone is being used to facilitate these wagers and I believe the government has a solid case,” explains Tony Cabot, a Las Vegas-based gaming lawyer and author of a book on Internet gaming. Would-be wagerers open an account with a credit card, although some sites also accept cash and cashier’s checks. The Justice Department doesn’t think that online casinos (including those that offer gambling on sports events) can legally conduct business in the United States, even if they are based in places where gambling is legal. According to an analysis by Sue Schieder of Rolling Good Times, the online gambling magazine, the new legislation would not punish the casual bettor.

Similarly, the Las Vegas-based public company American Wagering, owner of Leroy’s Horse and Sports Place in Nevada, also operates a sports gambling site located in Canberra called MegaSports ( “Federal legislation will make it difficult but not impossible for Internet gamblers in the U.S. “And it is possible that records could be subpoenaed of various banks where these companies maintain accounts.”

The amount spent on Internet gambling is harder to calculate. “Ultimately, Internet gambling operators are selling a product. Blackjack players can very easily count cards, or even consult odds charts; the site actually has a printable chart showing the best strategy for every possible hand of blackjack.

Is Microsoft betting too?

The potential action is too compelling for even the largest tech tycoons to resist. . The vast majority of customers will satisfy their demand for commercial gambling through less onerous and risky alternatives, such as lotteries, bingo, pari-mutuels and casinos.”

But over the last several months, at least some traditional casinos have pursued the time-honored strategy of joining an Internet gambling trend that they can’t beat.

That partnership leads many observers to believe that an online casino – using Microsoft platforms, of course – is in the works. At one point, Interactive Gaming looked like it could be an industry leader. 474, introduced into the Senate by Arizona’s John Kyl in 1997 as the Internet Gambling Prohibition Act. “Think about what would happen to Wal-Mart (WMT), General Motors or Microsoft if these companies had to continue to dodge federal roadblocks to access their customers,” says Sebastian Sinclair, senior associate at Christiansen/Cummings Associates, a management consulting firm.

Does the seeming invincibility of online gambling make it an enticing business? Jason Ader of Bear Stearns, urges caution. In a highly publicized March 1998 “raid,” Mary Jo White, the U.S. Packer is a man with a voracious gambling appetite.

One major barrier to profitability is the law. Casino games are available on a site or via downloadable software. He claims Inland’s Internet gambling business went slightly into the black in March, on annualized revenues of about $1 million. Kyl introduced a revised version earlier this year, removing some of the more onerous and hard-to-enforce provisions. attorney for the Southern District of New York, indicted 14 managers of six Internet companies for offering gambling on their sites. Legislators have considered enlisting Internet service providers to patrol for undesirable sites, although Internet gambling insiders consider that m88 sport proposal dead on arrival. The defendants, many of whom live abroad, were threatened with up to five years in prison and $250,000 fines. (The company’s Indian casino and Web-development divisions make more.) “This is the really exciting point, because I know where it goes from here,” Speer said in an interview. In the ’70s, Atlantic City legalized casino gambling; in the ensuing decades, state lotteries, Indian casinos, gaming ships, offtrack betting parlors and card clubs have sprouted across the landscape. Aruba, for one, is refusing to extradite any indicted individuals to the U.S., and thus far the U.S. Inland, for example, operates two Web sites in addition to the one bearing Kenny Rogers’ likeness: and Their case is based on the 1961 Wire Act. But following a 1997 indictment, the state of Missouri settled a suit against the company and its president, Michael Simone, for about $35,000. Tony Cabot, an attorney specializing in gaming issues, says flatly, “When you see Kerry Packer get together with Microsoft, you have to believe there is a future for this type of wagering.”

But even if Congress comes up with the best-crafted legislation in history, there are significant factors beyond its control.

First, legislation should treat physical activity and cyberactivity in the same way. That makes for an Internet gambling environment too porous for U.S law enforcement to plug. attorney’s case involved the casinos’ sportsbooks. …

Gambling is as at least as old as Christianity (that is, if Ben Hur can be trusted). The Internet is presently unregulated and we support a federal law regulating Internet gambling.”

Today, Americans spend some $600 billion a year on legal gambling, making it by far the favored national pastime. “Since there are no controls at present regarding Internet wagering, I would urge investors to shun these firms at present,” he says. In 1997, published reports put the total number of operating online casinos at 15. I’ve not had problems being paid.”

Second, legislation should be technology-neutral. Today, a roster on one “gambling portal” site lists well over 200. Says Opel, “Bringing in the big names and established companies only adds credibility and visibility to what we’re already doing.”

Is it legal?

A few hurdles have to be cleared before such ventures can take off – beginning with the federal government. citizens, it will be increasingly tempting for them to turn to locations abroad. For decades, Vegas was about the only legal option for gamblers. But they say the more bettors, the better.

All the sites indicted by the U.S. That figure exaggerates the size of the Internet gambling sector, since some companies operate more than one online betting parlor.

Internet Gambling Worldwide, Past and Future

Although it uses a CryptoLogic template similar to several other online casinos, may be unique in letting bettors wager as little as a penny at a time. But according to Inland CEO Don Speer, elusive profits need not be one of them. Why should it be legal to bet online on a horse race in another state, but not legal to bet on a basketball game in one’s own state? If Native American tribes can establish new, legal, physical places where adults can gamble, why shouldn’t someone be able to do the same in cyberspace?

Running an online casino carries all the usual challenges of Internet businesses, from low click-through rates to servers that fail. If an activity is prohibited in the physical world but not on the Internet, the Internet becomes a safe haven for that criminal activity. About 2,000 years later, Bugsy Siegel took the concept a step further and built the Flamingo Hotel in the desert town of Las Vegas.

Nonetheless, some experts think the case could be made to stick. But the travails associated with fending off lawsuits have essentially put the company out of business. Even the precise number of online casinos is hard to calculate. college and professional sports. And for sports bettors – who make up a majority of online gamblers, according to industry insiders – the ease of using cyberbookies can’t be beat. O’Brien observes in Bad Bet, his comprehensive account of America’s gambling industry, “Judging by dollars spent, gambling is now more popular in America than baseball, the movies and Disneyland combined.”

You might think that the prospect of competing against the likes of Microsoft would terrify a $20 million company like Inland. A Ninemsn spokesperson says that the site does not now offer online gambling and would not comment on future plans. “I use the service because it’s convenient and I have access to it when I want,” says one online gambler.

But a hard-core base will continue to turn to Internet betting for its clear advantages.

More than a year later, however, no cases have come to trial, and nine defendants have accepted plea bargains for state misdemeanor charges with no jail time. attorney’s office theoretically operate out of the Caribbean. But as more and more traditional firms become involved, the consumer will look for the brand name. The Wire Act obviously has no mention of wagering over the Internet.

Prosecutors focus on sports betting

Intriguingly, though, all the bets that make up the U.S. Anyone over the age of 18 can set up an account with Centrebet and place money on a variety of worldwide sporting events, including U.S. As Timothy L. The Standard obtained a Department of Justice analysis of the bill S. Even the firms that have enjoyed some stock-price popularity – such as – have shaky fundamentals. Justice believes that any legislation addressing criminal misuse of computers or computer systems (including the Internet) should have three vital characteristics. That may suggest that, as some legal observers have argued, the 1961 federal Wire Act is too old and too loosely written to prohibit online gambling. Almost all online gambling sites work the same.

Take Interactive Gaming and Communications, another publicly traded company, located in Blue Bell, Pa. They almost always include slots, blackjack and video poker, but many sites carry more exotic games, from baccarat to pai gow. Like the Communications Act passed in the 1930s, technology has now leapfrogged the law. Her higher-ups in the Justice Department appear to agree. In most cases, this means operating out of Australia. Attorney White has proceeded slowly and quietly. Estimates range from $650 million to $1 billion a year, worldwide – a tiny fraction of the amount spent on more traditional formats. Together, these sites have about 4,300 registered customers in 96 countries around the world. For one thing, gambling from one’s home allows for a variety of techniques that would get one tossed out of a regular casino.

But the growing acceptance of online betting and the Internet’s inherent ability to shatter jurisdictions bring the inconsistencies of American gaming law to a boil. Says Sinclair of Christiansen/Cummings: “You are going to feel more comfortable wagering with a Hilton than you will with Joe’s Casino.”

If such gamblers are not satisfied by options available to U.S. One of Microsoft (MSFT)’s less-publicized adventures is Ninemsn, an Australia-based Internet service to which Bill Gates has pledged tens of millions of dollars. In 1998, the Senate passed, by a large margin, an amendment prohibiting Internet gambling, but that bill died before becoming law.

The original version of Kyl’s bill failed most of these tests. The office of U.S. (The company did not respond to repeated requests for an interview.)

Group calls for regulation of Net gambling

For years, another barrier to the growth of Internet gambling has been strong opposition from those most threatened by gambling sites: legal American casinos. “I wager on football games and usually bet in the neighborhood of $1,000 every weekend. In January, MegaSports began taking Internet bets from Australians; it expects soon to allow global gambling on sporting events. to gain access to offshore sites,” says Sebastian Sinclair of Christiansen/Cummings. Passed during the term of crime-fighter Attorney General Robert Kennedy, the law was intended to outlaw betting over telephone lines. Bets generally range from $1 to as much as $300. Nor would it prohibit online fantasy sports leagues, online lotteries in states where they are legal, or online betting on any live horse race where it would otherwise be lawful to wager

Losing with a small amount will not be a disaster,you can easily make other bets with more excitement and fun.

By: Pedro Walker

The real of of online soccer betting is not as simple as the flip of a coin which lets you decide outcome of the match. Online betting websites are a great source which provide players with enriched betting odds, higher stakes and array of bets for novices as well experienced punters. It is essential to make a strong by soccer betting,you do not easily lose your calm and play with utmost patience.

Make your thoughts clear had have a strong base to make the most of this soccer betting season. provides all information that you require for placing winning soccer bets. It’s quite visible that Spain and Brazil are hot favorites for this soccer season, with presence of other teams,you need to carefully analyze their individualized performance and then place bets. Make sure you have maintained a betting limit , instead of wagering with hefty bucks, play with a small amount many times. Managing your betting amount is a crucial part to consider while you are placing soccer bets. Website offering betting tips have plethora of tips along with a statistical analysis that guides you and let you focus on the certainty of the bets at stake. Generally people get excited and make bets for larger amount all the time,this can lead them to debts because bankroll emptied quite early. Websites guides players about recommendable bookmakers, betting m88 casino tips, free bets and bonuses which let the players to have a unique betting style.. Making money from soccer betting is all the matter of taking advantage from the information. Many times you might be very close to win,but end up losing. You can also take a look on online lives scores of the matches and take the reviews of expert’s punter

The money making strategy in soccer betting is all about taking advantage from the information available,the more you are acquainted with latest trends the more you have chances of making as much money as you can.

Article Directory:

All of us are aware that betting is a risky affair,this unpredicted event can take you to deep profits and at the same time you can lose also.

As the grand soccer world cup 200 is gearing near, players have great opportunity to try hand in making lucrative bets. However, despite of being an unpredictable affair betting lets you make huge money within a short span. Both of the teams have unbeatable good players,but then you should make bets after doing plenty of research work,don’t just stick to one,play smartly. Here you get trusted and reliable statistics, tables, betting tips and latest results that relates to football betting

to fun88 Ascot

… to carry out sports betting operations upon certain terms

and conditions,” Berjaya said in a stock exchange filing.

Ascot is expected to kick start its sports betting operation

in the second half of this year, with its retail betting

operations being housed at selected Sports Toto outlets, the

company said.

Separately, Berjaya said it is planning to raise about 614

million ringgit from a rights offering.

KUALA LUMPUR May 12 Malaysian gaming group

Berjaya (BGRO.KL) will acquire from its major shareholder a

sports betting operator after the southeast Asian country

legalised the activity, the company said on Wednesday.. Shares of Berjaya, which were suspended from trading on

Tuesday, will resume trading from Thursday.

(Reporting by Soo Ai Peng; Editing by David Holmes)

($1=3.203 Malaysian Ringgit)

Shares of Berjaya Sports Toto ended up 2.7 percent ahead of

the announcement on Wednesday.

Tan also controls Berjaya Sports Toto (BSTB.KL), one of

three number forecast operators in the mainly Muslim country.

Berjaya will pay 525 million ringgit ($163.9 million) to

gaming tycoon Vincent Tan for a 70 percent stake of Ascot Sports

Sdn Bhd, which recently obtained approval from the government to

conduct a sports betting business.

“The primary focus of Ascot will be on sports betting on

soccer games in the initial stages with the aim of increasing

their product service offering to other sports in the future,”

it said.

“The Minister of Finance has given its approval ..

If you do lose m88 your money then walkaway, it’s as simple as that. What this is, is a few tips on what to do and what not to do when betting on football accumulators, no guarantees, no 99.9% accuracy nonsense, just things that in my opinion you NEED to know and realise before even attempting to place your bet. I thank you for reading and i hope you found this hub helpful. You can often talk yourself around to the idea of betting on someone else, and in my experience it only leads to disappointment. It’s pointless me betting on the Argentinian league or the Brazilian league as i wouldn’t have a clue what i was doing, So i just normally stick to the English leagues, as it’s easier for me to spot a bet that i think is good value.



When picking your teams it is often easy to just go for a team to win and forget about the other result, a draw. It’s not a way to make an extra income (although it does feel great when you win) If the enjoyment has gone then it only spells trouble.

I make a point of never including my beloved Stoke City in any of my accumulators. Also it’s good to scour the internet to see what people make of a certain bookmakers customer service help lines. I tend to stick with 4 or 5 teams at the most, even then it’s hard enough. Here’s my guide:

If you aren’t enjoying betting on sporting events then you are doing it for the wrong reasons. Gambling to me is a form of entertainment, just like going to the cinema is for other people. The reason for this is i have included them before and they have been the only team to let me down on more than one occasion. I always pick a 4 team accumulator of 4 draws amongst my bets as the odds for a match finishing all square rarely goes below 2/1.

It’s easy to get carried away when filling out your betting slip as you watch the odds rise, sometimes you almost convince yourself that you can’t lose. A pointless bet in my opinion.. They add very little to your overall winnings and there is always the chance that they can let you down and not even win at all. Just because they used to play the game means nothing. It’s easy to have have a blinkered view when it comes to your team.

When betting on football i only bet on teams and leagues that i know about. If you can’t walkaway then you shouldn’t be betting.


If you look through the paper and fancy a certain team then make sure you pick them. Back your own judgement, nobody elses.

Now most online bookmakers will guarantee the best odds so i don’t pay too much attention when i read that. Feel free to leave any comments below.


Ok so this is an obvious one but it’s so easy to get caught up in the moment. Don’t get sucked in by this as they are just as likely (or unlikely) as everyone else to pick a winning accumulator. The chances are that if you don’t they will win and the team you chose in their place at the last minute will let you down. Go with your initial instinct.


Now let me start by telling you that this isn’t some great foolproof betting system that never fails as they simply don’t exist. Set yourself a limit before you start betting, a figure that you know you can afford to lose. Also if you don’t fancy a team in the first place then don’t change your mind. When there is money at stake you want to know that you can get hold of the company in question and get the help you require.

So there it is. There are my top 10 tips for gambling on football accumulators. The cold, hard fact is that if you’re betting on accumulators then it’s pretty likely that you’re going to lose, however, if you follow the steps above then i believe you will eliminate some of the most common mistakes made when making your selections. Looking back on it if i was a neutral then i probably wouldn’t have picked them. If you feel the need to bet on quite a few teams then i’d suggest a low stake as the chances of winning are incredibly small.






If a team is 1/7 to win then i don’t even consider it as there is absolutely no value in them.

Now and again you will see ex footballers giving their advice on who to pick and who to stay clear of. What i pay attention to is their special offers when signing up and what they offer customers on a regular basis

Lesniak believes it is up to the state to determine whether sports gambling can occur and said the wagering will jump-start New Jersey’s sagging gaming revenues.

Voters approved the idea of legal sports betting in 2011 and the following year Christie signed a bill allowing the wagering.

“I’m looking forward to placing the first legal bet in the state of New Jersey on a sporting event next Sunday,” Lesniak said.

But the sports leagues sued, saying it violated a federal ban on the activity in all U.S. the proliferation of state-sponsored and approved sports gambling in Atlantic City casinos and at New Jersey racetracks will cause immediate and irreparable harm” to the sports leagues,” the lawsuit said.

The federal court sided with the leagues, so the state appealed. But given earlier decisions by federal courts, it was critical that we follow a correct and appropriate path to curtail new court challenges and expensive litigation.

The National Football League and other sports leagues filed a lawsuit on Monday in an attempt to block New Jersey from offering legalized wagering on sporting events.. Supreme Court refused to hear the case, leaving the lower court ban in place.

“How can that be determined when Las Vegas is taking bets already, every single day? The NFL has three games at Wembley Stadium (in London) every year where people are betting right across the street from the stadium.”

In calling for the injunction, the NFL, NBA, Major League Baseball and the NCAA are seeking to block enforcement of a law that New Jersey Governor Chris Christie signed on Friday, which partially repeals a ban on sports wagering in the state.

They claimed that the law violates the Professional and Amateur Sports Protection Act, a 1992 federal ban on state-sponsored sports betting.

“In order to get an injunction, the leagues have to show that they will be irreparably damaged if Monmouth race track starts taking bets on sports sporting events on Sunday,” New Jersey State Sen. But the U.S. Raymond Lesniak told Reuters in a telephone interview.

(Reporting by Steve Ginsburg; editing by Andrew Hay)

The new law allows sports betting at state-licensed casinos and racetracks. Monmouth Park, a thoroughbred race track in Oceanport, is planning to offer sports betting on Sunday.

In a statement Friday after signing the legislation Christie said: “I am a strong proponent of legalized sports wagering in New Jersey. states except four.

“I believe we have found that path in this bipartisan legislative effort,” he added.

“If the 2014 Sports Wagering Law is not declared unlawful..

A winning percentage of 55-percent sure doesn’t sound as sexy as a 60-percent handicapper, but if your volume of plays is high enough, it can certainly be much more profitable.

The 55-percent handicapper is using what is commonly referred to as the Wal-Mart Approach, which is to have a lot of volume with the expectation of grinding out a small profit. At the end of the month, the 55-percent handicapper would have gone 83-67 for a gain of 9.3 units, while the 60-percent handicapper would have gone 18-12 for a profit of 4.8 units, so the 55-percent handicapper has made nearly twice as much.. And as is the case with the Arkansas-based giant, many times this will be more profitable than being extremely selective and doing a small amount of volume, even if the mark-up is higher.

The only statistic that sports bettors should be concerned with is units won, which is the amount of profit, or loss, they have over time, and not worry nearly as much about winning percentage. If somebody were to ask you if you would rather be a 60-percent handicapper or a 55-percent handicapper, which would you choose? The obvious answer is that it’s better to be a 60-percent handicapper, but that isn’t necessarily true.

Making it more difficult for sports bettors is that some sports services will claim to have won 200 units in a particular sport, but don’t mention that they release 10- or 20-unit plays, along with several 100-unit “locks” at the end of the year if things aren’t going so well and they need something to base next year’s advertising on.

With baseball season coming back in about 4 months, many sports gamblers will be seeing ads from different sports services claiming winning percentages of 65-percent for baseball, and that’s entirely possibly, but what the services aren’t saying is that the majority of their selections were favorites of -200 or more, turning that 65-percent handicapping into a losing proposition.

For the bettors that do their own handicapping, however, units won is really the only thing you should be concerned with, as that ultimately is going to translate into the bottom line. In the question above, it would be much better to be a 55-percent handicapper if you were playing 150 games a month, as opposed to a 60-percent handicapper playing one game a day

“It’s as good of [high school] football as there is in the country.”

“Creating all these third parties.

The SEC had banned its coaches from participating in satellite camps, and the NCAA followed with a satellite-camp ban. “I’m saying it’s bad for college football. Now who does that? Now because we have the Power 5, everyone is doing what they want. The integrity of the game.

McElwain obviously would prefer that other schools didn’t recruit in Florida, but he knows that’s not realistic.

After initially saying he would not discuss satellite camps, Saban went off in a five-minute rant that would have made Howard Beale proud, comparing the satellite camps to “the wild, wild West.”

“Someone sponsors the camp, they pay them the money. If they have a prospect, they can have a camp. “By doing what we’re doing now, we’re doing what we do in every other sport that we’re complaining about every day — AAU basketball and all this.

Among other topics Saban touched upon Tuesday, he said he would like to see underclassmen who leave school early have the option of returning after testing their prospects for the NFL draft, similar to what happens in college basketball.

Saban has never been a fan of satellite camps, characterizing them as “ridiculous.”

“It’s bad for college football,” Saban said.

“All the people that say this is creating opportunities for kids, this is all about recruiting,” Saban said. We have to worry about our players doing the right things with the limited time we have them, but we’re not going to do that because we have to be somewhere else to see someone else.”

“Until this satellite camp issue came up, you still had to go to the high school, go through the coach, and players came to your camp if they were interested in learning,” Saban said. There needs to be somebody who looks out for what’s best for the game, not the SEC or the Big Ten or Jim Harbaugh. Then you’re expected to go to that camp and they can use you to promote their camp because Ohio State is coming, Alabama is coming, whoever else is coming.

“If you ask the NFL, ‘How can we maintain trust with our players when you’re giving us inaccurate information?’ their response is, ‘We don’t know enough about the guys to really give you the information, because all we can really go on is film evaluation,’” Saban said at the SEC annual meetings. “I’m not into politics.”

“The coaches, players and people who play it. However, in April the NCAA overturned the ban and ruled that satellite camps would be allowed.

“I don’t have a candidate,” Saban said. And who gets exposed on that? I go to a camp and talk to some guy I don’t know from Adam’s house cat, and he’s representing some kid cause he’s putting a camp on, and then I’m in trouble for talking to this guy.”

Information from The Associated Press was used in this report. “That’s what it’s about.

Florida coach Jim McElwain has a unique perspective because 10 of the SEC’s other 13 schools participate in satellite camps in the Sunshine State.

Under current NCAA rules, once underclassmen declare for the NFL draft, they lose their remaining eligibility.

“I’m not blaming Jim Harbaugh,” Saban said.

Saban blasted satellite camps because they incorporate third parties into recruiting and there aren’t any guidelines.

“This is the wild, wild West at its best. Harbaugh can do whatever he wants to do if he thinks that’s what’s best. It’s happening outside the normal evaluation window, which means we’re taking time away from our players. There needs to be a [college football] commissioner.”

Saban also questioned who keeps track of whether players paid for the camps and what, if any, compliance people are involved.

Saban has the opposite viewpoint on satellite camps as Michigan coach Jim Harbaugh, who has embraced them like no other coach.

Saban was asked whom he would want as commissioner.

“Why should we be promoting anybody else’s camp anywhere? All we’re doing is allowing all these other people that we spend all of our time at the NCAA saying you can’t recruit through a third-party person, and that’s exactly what you’re doing.

“Anybody can have a camp now. That’s bigger than all this. We want accurate information when that’s all said and done in December.”

MIRAMAR BEACH, Florida — Alabama coach Nick Saban made one thing crystal clear Tuesday at the SEC spring meetings: He is not a fan of satellite camps.

Saban and Arkansas’ Bret Bielema believe a combine for underclassmen could help solve the problem. It would be similar to pro days for juniors and seniors and would allow NFL scouts to better evaluate those players.

“They should come [to Florida],” McElwain said. There have been no specific guidelines relative to how we’re managing control of this stuff. “That’s why we have a combine and all these other things. But what’s best for the game of college football. What do they do with the money? And who makes sure the kid paid to go to camp?

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Since the Premier League was formed in 1992, it has grown into a powerhouse of global football, revered as one of the best football leagues in the world, with betting to match

“It turned people off.”


Up until the late 1980s and early 1990s, collectors were living in a golden age, says Madec – returns of 20 percent in just six months were not unheard of. (See the most valuable cards.)

Rookie cards of players like Mickey Mantle, who typified the golden era of baseball, are always in high demand among older collectors.

The hobby looks like it has rebounded from the doldrums of the 90s, but is there money to be made in collecting Aarons and Ruths?

Cards dating back to the turn of the 20th century that were produced as promotional items for ice cream, candy and tobacco companies are some of the hottest cards on the market right now, according to collectors.

Dealers like Stephen Dickler, who runs SD Trading, located just outside of Philadelphia, says moves such as this could work, but it’s too early to tell. But that was until the card companies tried to get in on the fun. . “The questions are still out there as to whether it will have an impact or not.”

The market has been bouncing back, particularly vintage cards, those that date backs 25 years or more. And in June, Major League Baseball and the players’ association teamed up with card manufacturers Topps and Upper Deck to launch the first ever National Baseball Card Day, giving out 500,000 card packs at hobby shops and retailers nationwide in an effort to promote the hobby.

Even though the hobby struggles to bring young collectors into the fold, there have been some promising signs for baseball card collecting as of late.

NEW YORK ( — Once a year, baseball-card collectors gather for the granddaddy of all sports collectible conventions – the National Sports Collectors Convention.

Take Cal Ripken Jr.’s 1982 Topps rookie card. “Investors just need to hear it’s safe to go back in.”

Andy Madec, a dealer based in Camarillo, Calif., remembers that time vividly.

Most valuable cards

“It’s a tricky thing,” Kelnhofer says. “There’s no guarantee it will happen,” says Dickler. In 1996, the year after Ripken broke Lou Gehrig’s record for number of most consecutive games played, a card in mint condition that had not been professionally appraised would have sold for $90. “This market has incredible potential,” he says. “There’s always buyers and sellers for that material.”

Then there are the cards from the 1970s and 1980s, which predate the card explosion, that some experts like Kelnhofer say could experience the next wave of popularity.

Even in good times, collecting is a tough hobby. “The vintage market is still the place for people to get involved purely from an investment standpoint,” says Kelnhofer. But with Ripken’s achievement faded from the minds of collectors, that same ungraded card would only fetch $40 today.

But there is a lot of fickleness too, says Scott Kelnhofer, editor of Card Trade, the monthly trade journal for the sports collection industry

Steroids’ next victim: Baseball labor peace Top of page

Hope for future?

Best baseball books

What’s hot now

Earlier this year, the Major League Baseball Players Association lent their assistance, cutting in half the number of licenses it offers to card manufacturers in an effort to rid the glut of new cards on the market.

Currently underway in Anaheim, Calif., the four-day event will not only be a place for collectors to haggle over the value of their Lou Gehrigs and Jackie Robinsons, there’s bound to be a few collectors who reflect on how the hobby took a nosedive during the 1990s.

“It just got too out of hand,” says Madec, who runs his own firm, Andy Madec Sports Cards Inc. It boils down to a couple of simple principles — how many there are and what kind of condition the card is in.

But many in the industry, like Madec, who is currently attending the National Sports Collectors Convention, is certain that is there is a future for this enduring hobby, despite its setbacks in recent years. Flooding the market with multiple versions of new cards, the manufacturers drove down card values.

In fact, the fabled Honus Wagner card, which was produced by the Sweet Caporal Cigarette Company in 1909, is currently the most expensive card in existence, worth a cool $1.265 million

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See. He mentions, “One alternate type of intelligence often mentioned in popular media is ‘emotional intelligence’, developed by Daniel Goleman and several other researchers. He is the author of Teenage Marriages Are Likely to End Unhappily, Think before You Act, What Causes Many College Students to Fail or Dropout, Many People Get Married for Foolish Reasons, An Essay about the Tell-Tale-Heart and The Black Cat, and many other works.

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“The student may also engage in competing behaviors, display rigidity in thoughts and actions, show a strong desire to control the environment, engage in repetitive/stereotypical behaviors, display inflexible thinking, not learning from past mistakes, not asking for help with a problem, or not asking a peer or adult for needed materials, continue to engage in an ineffective behavior rather than thinking of alternatives, or be unable to focus on group goals when he is a member of the group,” according to the article titled Aspergers Checklist: Cognitive Issues.

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Top 6 Reasons Adult College Students Drop Out by David Schepp, Aug 13th 2012. They are not that much good or fail to assume responsibility. Reasons Why Intelligent Students Sometimes Fail by Wayne State University febuary 16, 2007. But the study of intelligence is dogged by questions of just how much IQ contributes to an individual’s success and well-being, how genes and environment interact to generate smarts and why the average IQ score rose throughout the world during the twentieth century,” as stated in the article titled What Is Intelligence in Psychology today. Olsen, University of South Carolina. A correlation of r = 0 means there is no link. Feb. As Grace Fleming states in the article titled Teens and Sleep Deprivation, “One study shows that it is good to study right before going to sleep because ‘there is near-consensus that sleep promotes learning of certain types of perceptual memories.’ In other words, sleep helps students store memories to be retained and remembered the next day. 2012.

Kids Fail Less When They Know Failure Is Part of Learning, Study Finds in ABC news by Mikaela Conley, Mar 14, 2012. For reading, the corresponding percentages are 16, 29, and 54. For example, some successful schools have added a number of Saturday study sessions taught by a master teacher, time that equates to three extra weeks of class time over the course of the year while providing valuable professional development for teachers.” We have to make students ascertain that doing or practicing homework, attending class, or studying is extremely crucial for academic success. “Bad Eating Habits and Students’ Performance” by Saeed Mubarak in Education Land.

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Webmaster, The College Student with Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) , July 15, 2005 in SAC, University of Wisconsin – Milwaukee. Oct. 60-65, January 2012 © 2012 ACADEMY PUBLISHER Manufactured in Finland. Author manuscript; available in PMC 2009 June 30. This refers to an individual’s ability to understand and be aware of your own emotions, as well as those of people around you. A Third of College Students Smoke by Melissa Schorr.

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Depression weighs heavily on college students, Up to 7 percent of adult population affected by disorder, To substantiate his idea, he mentions Robert Sternberg. Students with higher IQ scores do better on standardized achievement tests, have higher school grades, and complete more years of education.” In addition to that, not only can students who are not very or who are less intelligent have lesser grade or come from schools that mostly have lesser general behavior rate, but they can expose to other problems. 11 & 12, 2014. Oct. July 4, 2012, The Role of Moral and Performance Character Strengths in Predicting Achievement and Conduct among Urban Middle School Students by Scott Seider of Boston University, Jennifer K. F. 2006 Dec;13(6):1043-8. Help minority students.”Instead of offering small, ’boutique’ programs for minority students that attract just a few dozen students, Ms. Valdosta, GA: Valdosta State University. Feb. 10, 2013. Prev Chronic Dis. February 26, 2014.

See. Daniel T. “Students that are active on campus and have interactions with faculty and students outside of the classroom are more likely to pass (and graduate).Universities and faculties need to attempt to foster these connections as much as they can. Many college students also fail because they are unable to well adjust the way that they think or because they have thinking difficulty.

Jamestown Community College, JCC, State University of New York, in Student Responsibility Statement that was endorsed by the faculty in September 2008 and by Student Senate in October 2008. September 28, 2012.

See. College Students Journal. The report draws heavily on the research of Claude M. March 10, 2014. However, it does not have an absolute relationship with student’s behavior in every school but almost or mostly have a relationship with it because the one exception was the non-government school in a high SES area. There is no doubt that the main majors are difficult and growing more complex. July 7, 2010. For the IQ result, they found that the government school in a lower SES area has a mean IQ score for total sample of 96, the non-government/Catholic school in the same lower SES area has a mean IQ score for total sample of 90, the government school in a higher SES area has a mean IQ score for total sample of 110, and the non-government/Catholic school in the same higher SES area has a mean IQ score for total sample of 111. Students with higher IQ scores do better on standardized achievement tests, have higher school grades, and complete more years of education.”Treena Rohde and Lee Anne Thompson show in their study: “While the link between crystallized intelligence and SAT combined scores is obviously very striking, crystallized intelligence is not significantly linked to GPA. Web. Iarovici, MD, Medscape Multispecialty in Adolescent ADHD in Advokat CD, Guidry D, Martino L in the article titled Licit and Illicit Use of Medications for Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder in Undergraduate College Students in Journal of the American College of Health and Wilens TE, Adler LA, Adams J, et al in the article titled Misuse and Diversion of Stimulants Prescribed for ADHD: A Systematic Review of the Literature in the Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry. Paper 344.

Setterfield, Julia. 2011</em>

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See: Barack Obama Speech on Student Loans

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Picking the wrong college major can be an expensive error by Liz Weston Reuters in NBC News Business, Nov. Fall 2005. “N.P” Feb. In addition to that, as Diann Fisher shows in his article titled Why Students Drop Out of College, students enter college but end up to not do well or drop out for many reasons, and one of those reasons is that “they find that the academic program is too hard.”

Mann, Dale. As Pearson Allyn Bacon Prentice Hall shows in the article titled IQ and School Achievement, “Modern intelligence tests have been designed with Binet’s original purpose in mind: to predict how well individual students are likely to perform in the classroom and similar situations. Leung, M.D. As Chris Denhart shows, “Legislators can consider tying state funding in part on graduation rate. March 8, 2014.

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First Bad Grade: What Do I Do Next? by Nicole Eisenberg on October 07, 2011Junior > Marketing & Supply Chain Management > University of Maryland, College Park. 15 2012.

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Levine, Judith R. ” First-Year College Students Often Fail as Life Intervenes.” As a result, it is possibly hard to measure intelligence in general in an exclusive way. We investigated whether the management of event files, and particularly the speed of updating the binding between the task-relevant stimulus feature and the response, correlates with fluid intelligence. With their Whole Lives Ahead of them: Myths and Realities about why so many Students Fail to Finish College. “Emotional obstacles for e-learning – a user psychological analysis,” UROLD. in Psychon Bull Rev. Web: Published in final edited form as: J Clin Child Adolesc Psychol. December, 8, 2013.

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See. 19. The Qualitative Report [On-line serial], 5(3/4). Copyright © 2007 Heldref Publications. “This study, conducted in 2001, involved 87 students, across four schools. That causes them to fail or drop out. 2012. It’s just not worth sacrificing sleep to study!” Many of them are unmotivated , so they come to class late or do not attend class, which is negatively affecting their academic performances. May 15, 2012.

See. There are different types of intelligence. 2011.

WebMD Medical Reference in What Is Depression? Reviewed by Joseph Goldberg, MD on May 15, 2012 © 2012 WebMD, LLC. And we are more interested here in the link between fluid intelligence and SAT and GPA, since our HighIQPro training causes fluid intelligence to improve substantially. Canlas

Study Says College Students Addicted to Technology, Oct. “The Homework Experience: Perceptions Of Low-Income Youth.” Journal Of Advanced Academics 22.2 (2011): 250-278. Holloway, et al. Picciano , Professor at the school of education at Hunter College of the City University of New York, JALN Volume 6, Issue 1 – July 2002. 2012.

Jeff Grabmeier in College students say prescription stimulants easy to find on campus. News, covering graduate schools, 10 Colleges Where Graduates Have a Low Average Debt Load, December 10, 2013. January 28, 2014.

See: The Link between Suspension and Dropout in edutopia

See. It appears that many of the students are struggling to buy the healthy foods like fruits and vegetables and lean meats and this could affect their weight, although our study cannot confirm that.’” They choose inappropriate school or do not assume their responsibility or ask question in class when they do not understand. As Grace Fleming states in the article titled Teens and Sleep Deprivation, Making Time for Sleep and Homework, “A more recent study shows that sacrificing sleep to study actually does more harm than good.

“Dr. Intelligent students or students fail sometimes because they cannot balance the way to think critically, creatively, and analytically (1).

Dr. Students can also involve in activities that can help them combating with depression. Cherif, Gerald E. 15 oct. Some students have/aspire to become a physician . Oct. Their parents do not assist them that much, so they often experience a lot of problems. 16. This kind of relationship is shown on the right plot below” … The New York Times, 8 Sept. Matthew Lynch in It’s Tough to Trailblaze: Challenges of First-Generation College Students, A 2010 study by the Department of Education January 23, 2013, Oct. Outpost. Rajasvaran Logeswaran, an experienced educator and Dean at Nilai University, and Sarah Michel, a certified speaking professional (CSB) and a networking expert who helps people increase their network by investing in their network , especially the section titled A Wake up Call for Young People. 2011.

Detroit.cbslocal, Young & Free Michigan Helps Students Pay For College, January 28, 2014. Hurt, Bobby L in the article titled Childhood Obesity Intervention Strategies: How Do Schools Weigh In, a 30 pages research paper that was submitted for a partial fulfillment of the requirements of MS in school counseling with research advisor Dr. Only the best, May 12, 2009. College, he concluded, wasn’t for him,” according to the article titled Minority Male Students Face Challenge to Achieve at Community Colleges by Katherine Mangan in The Chronic of Higher Education. 2012.

“Eligibility for enrollment in less-selective four-year institutions typically includes a high school diploma and additional college-preparatory coursework. 2012.

Serena Golden in low-Income Students and the Perpetuation of Inequality’ in Inside Higher ED. “Why Studence Fail?” Penn State’s Division of Undergraduate Studies. Web. 2012.


LETITIA ANNE PEPLAU, “Loneliness and the College Student.” 1987. 28, 2014. 19. October 21. Sept 3, 2015.

Kelsey Sheehy, an education reporter at U.S. 2012.

Arsht, McGoldrick, Sims, & Williams in their article. Alcohol and Mental Health by Institute of Alchol Studies, IAS Factsheet.

What causes students to fail or drop out of college by Harry H. May. Published online 2007 June 15. “Academically Underprepared Students” by Marsha A. “20 Percent of College Students Don’t Complete Homework.” ” N.p.” June 29. August 21, 2012.

William Buskist and Christopher Howard. Mar. Originally, it was a quotient (a ratio): IQ= MA/CA x 100 [MA is mental age, CA is chronological age],” according to Dr. March 12, 2014. Many teachers or instructors cause students troubles. Cherif, Gerald E. September 30, 2002.” August 20, 2012.

See: The article titled The Role of Comprehensive School Health Education Programs in the Link between Health in Academic Performance: A literature review in the Health of Learning Project. December 7, 2013.

Should college students get married? “N.D” January 11, 2014. “N.D” October 13, 2013.

DiLallo, Emma, “Students Go to College but Not Go to Class. January 5, 2014.

See. Adams, Farahnaz Movahedzadeh, Margaret A. October 30, 2013.

See. However, if students do not have this type of ability or this type of flexibility, they can expose to trouble. 15. Sep. Vedder hopes that this will ‘eliminate some of the unnecessary graduation requirements that serve as a barrier to graduation.’ With the proper incentives in place, meaning a performance-based funding model, we would not see these barriers to mobility, and fewer students would be closed out of classes.’” Students have to involve in social activities, and faculties or staff members have to try to create those activities in the academic environment. Fabiano, Gary R. “N.D” August, 18, 2012.

“Scientists generally agree that intelligence can be captured by psychometric tests. Steven Mintz, ACLU Sues the State of California for Failing to Teach 20,000 Students English ,May 9, 2011. As Dale Schunk says, “The process goal promoted self-efficacy and achievement the best. In the end, they found support for the latter two scenarios. Forty-four students came from the two government schools and 43 from the two non-government schools. White Time Business & Money: Nov. October 25, 2013.

See. 06. “Health problems affect dropout rates indirectly by forcing young people, especially young women, to cope with family physical or mental illness, often imposing on their responsibilities that can lead to their leaving school (32). doi: 10.1016/j.jadohealth.2007.09.005. Federal Trade Commission in the article titled Dangers of Teen Drinking.

“Why Don’t Students Like School?” Well, Duhhhh… Cherif, Gerald E. Learning support services. Consequences of Abusive College Drinking.

UNIVERSITY OF ILLINOIS AT URBANA-CHAMPAIGN in Loneliness, Counseling Center at University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign | 610 E John St | 217 333 3704 | RSS Feed Connect. Laura P. Department of Education and available before the 2015 school year. “N.D” January 12, 2014.

Cass, Connie. “The dropouts in the study of Amy M. October 25, 2013.

Neil Kokemuller, What Causes Students to Fail Courses in College in Global Post, “N.D” November 12, 2013.

See: The article titled College Campus Violence in Youth violence project by curry school of education:

Russell W. September 28, 2012.

Blai, Boris, Jr. 2012.

Gabriel, Trip. Feb. 2012.

National Institute of Mental of Health. Think before You Act and What Causes Many College Students to Fail or Drop out are two of his works that he likes the most. “Choosing the “Wrong” Major,” Friday, April 8, 2011. doi: 10.1080/15374416.2011.533414. October 19, 2013.

See. 2012. Frederick in Note Taking Will Make You a Better Student.

Khadeeja Safdar, Math, Science Popular Until Students Realize They’re Hard in Real time Economics, July 8, 2013. There is an increase demand of material knowledge. L. ‘And it’s crucial for school leaders and policy makers to be realistic about how much work we need to do to help parents participate more fully in their children’s education.’” In addition to parental involvement, many students have to stop cheating. College dropout or failure rates may be decreased if most of those students persevere when they face challenges or take adequate hours of sleep. Cost calculations are reflected in increasing requests for financial aid, many college officials said,” according to Carla Rivera Cost in the article titled Financial Aid Becoming More Important in College Choice.” ‘Costs and financial aid are becoming more important and salient to students’ decisions in part due to increased tuition,’ said Kevin Eagan, interim director of UCLA’s Cooperative Institutional Research Program, which prepares the survey of the nation’s first-year students conducted by UCLA’s Higher Education Research Institute. “Degree of procrastination linked with lower grades.”The Michigan Daily News. Ideas and Research You Can Use: VISTAS 2010. Campbell in Global Post, America’s World New Site. 15. 9. My instructor made me to it: Task characteristics of procrastination. In May 2015, he graduated from Lynn University with an MBA in Hospitality Management. Thursday, July, 27. ” College Students Stressed By War.” Not only can underprepared or unprepared students drop out, but they can also expose to other academic difficulties. 07, 2014.

NCSET, Part I: What Do We Know About Dropout Prevention? , What Do We Know About Who Drops Out and Why?, Who Drops Out of School? “ND” November 29, 2013.

See: The National Center for students expose to violence:

Fleming, Grace. “Studies have shown that teens whose parents talk to them about alcohol and drugs are 42% less likely to use those substances than teens whose parents don’t discuss the issue with them” (Effects of Teenage Drinking in October 3, 2014.

Stinebrickner, T., & Stinebrickner, P. List came from RateMyProfessor data gathered by the Center for College Affordability and Productivity. Approved by: Chair of Committee, Yvonne Lincoln Committee Members, Vicente Lechuga, Christine Stanley, and Radhika Viruru, and Head of Department, Jim Scheurich. To differentiate yourself you have to learn in demand skills-a credential isn’t going to get you very far anymore” (Tunney). Wed. Jan. Drinking or drug causes many of them or many who are underage many troubles. Fabiano, Gary R. According to JUSTIN KASTORY in his article titled The SOLUTIONS TO ACADEMIC PROBLEMS IN COLLEGE, “In college, the amount of homework to do is higher. January 5, 2011. “The survey results also showed that the students who dropped out do so because they found out that their majors required them to do more work than other majors. in What Parents Need to Know About Dyslexia (Reading Disability) in American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus: Feb. Sunday. Parties, late night studies session or job-related obligations are taking precedence and leaving less time for the mandatory sleep needed for optimal performance” (Shragge). In a recent North Carolina campaign ad, Obama vowed to improve education but also emphasized that ‘the truth is government can’t do it all.’ During his campaign speeches, he implores that parents had to get involved or ‘make sure your son or your daughter is doing his or her homework.’” On the other hand, according to in the article titled Parents Want to Be Involved in Children’s Education Yet Don’t Understand Key Factors Affecting Public Education Quality, Survey Shows Few Know What Children Should be Learning or How Schools Function and Rank; Only 50 Percent Want Children to Have More Challenging Courses ,”‘Many parents report the kinds of changes they believe would enhance their involvement, and what obstacles they encounter that hinder it,’ said Kelli Wells, director of U.S. Oct. You don’t have to drown yourself in debt for a failing institution if you don’t want to. . Improvement in reading, spelling, dyslexia, ADD/ADHD and more. He indicates, “Researchers asked about the aspects of intelligence felt that factors like problem-solving ability, mental speed, general knowledge, creativity, abstract thinking, and memory all played important roles in the measure and standard of intelligence. Public Agenda for the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, December 2009.” August 22, 2012.

The Real Reason New College Grads Can’t Get Hired By Martha C. (IQ Predicts Academic Achievement). They say, “To succeed, students need to have good reasons for taking a given course and for being in school. 8, 2014.

Go College , “Top 11 Reasons Why Students Drop out of College,” Friday, Nov. American Academic-Volume Three. C. “The Complexity of the Relation between Fear of Failure and Procrastination,” Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012. Sara A. THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN ALCOHOL CONSUMPTION AND ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE: FINDINGS FROM THE 1999 LIFESTYLES SURVEY by Patricia M. King, Phillip K. Students also need to care about themselves and their education by setting expectations and achievable goals for themselves. “College Students Don’t Study as Much as They Should,” Good Education News. 3 March 2014. It requires a lot of skills or thinking skills. 2005. August, 26 2012.

Ohio legal services Students & Schools : School Discipline – Suspension and Expulsion, “ND” December 30, 2013. 19. ISSN 1799-2591 Theory and Practice in Language Studies, Vol. “Loneliness and Depression Levels of Students Us?ng a University Counseling Center,” Education and Science. Knowing a person’s IQ with a correlation this strong would strongly predict how they will do on their SATs. OFF-TASK / INATTENTION,” “N.d” August. Feichtinger at Pacific University at the School of Professional Psychology, “Lack of cognitive flexibility leads to dysfunctional problem solving actions that violate others’ rights.”

Dale Schunk, Goal Setting,, Dec 23, 2009. 2012

Study Shows Students Taking Online Courses More Likely to Fail by clong & Mary Ellen Flannery in , July 26, 2011. 3, 2014.

Aspergers Checklist: Cognitive Issues in, “N.D” January 13, 2014.

According to Patricia M. “ND” October 17, 2013.

Singhal, Pooman. . Cyber College Internet Campus. “They choose to engage in other activities. They lack goals, which Dale Schunk say “may be cast as absolute or normative.” He says, “An absolute goal has a fixed standard, such as reading one chapter in a book in one hour. 57, American Educational Research Association. 2011.

Neal Thakkar: Why Procrastinate: An Investigation of the Root Causes behind Procrastination. In addition to that, lack of sleep is negatively affecting many students’ learning capabilities. Medical & Health Articles. 17 Oct. What faculties say.”Faculty members perceive that the three main root-cause factors for students failing are (1) student-related factors, which were mentioned 415 times, or 68 percent of the responses; (2) life and socioeconomic issues, which were mentioned 70 times, or 12 percent of the responses; and (3) failures of the educational system, which were mentioned 125 times or 20 percent of the responses” (Abour H. Febrary 24, 2012. Underage drinking and sexual assaults By Richard P. Low-income students six times more likely to drop out of high school By Khara Sikhan, april 10, 2013. 2012.

Suggested citation for this article: Freudenberg N, Ruglis J. “N,D.” August 20, 2012.

See: Lynn O’Shaughnessy, “25 colleges with the worst professors” in CBS

BookRags, Most Common Bad Study Habits. . ‘The quality of their diet is being impacted. In addition to the problems that computer or internet addiction causes that have been stated above, Emre Balkan Cyprus and Dr. “Kevin Eagan, interim director of UCLA’s Cooperative Institutional Research Program says: The difficult financial decisions that students and their families have to make about college are becoming more evident. Web. Over 62 percent of students who were admitted to but did not attend their first-choice college said they were offered aid by the institution they chose to attend,” according to Dennis Romero in the article titled More Students Are Choosing Colleges by Price, UCLA Says.They have to choose appropriate school or assume responsibility. May 15, 2012.


Hall, Celia. 02/20/2014.

See. As it is stated, “The present research first investigated the relationship of autism traits with trait emotional intelligence and empathy in a sample of 163 adults aged between 18 and 51 years (44% male). March 16, 2012. Vujeva, M.A. “Data suggests that college students are getting lazy,” September 29, 2010. 2011, Vol. October 31, 2013.

Lynn O’Shaughnessy ,Top 25 State Universities for Graduating on Time, January 31, 2011, CBSNEWS from the federal education database known as IPEDS . He shows that “more recently, scientist dissatisfied with the traditional idea of a single intelligence have postulated alternate theories of ‘multiple intelligences’ – that is, intelligence is the result of several independent abilities which combine to contribute to the total performance of an individual.” Cohen talks about Howard Gardner’s theory and Robert Sternberg’s theory. “The statistical sample consists of 40 students who had a low score in life satisfaction and emotional intelligence and are randomly involved in a two groups including 20 people of test and control. To measure intelligence, it is crucial that we use a concept that is appropriate to the type of intelligence. Harper, an associate professor and executive director of the Center for the Study of Race and Equity in Education at the University of Pennsylvania, who has led studies on black male achievement. Dec. 19. Mines mention, “Recent national reports on the quality of post-secondary education in the United States have affirmed the centrality of teaching critical thinking skills to college students (National Institute of Education 1984; Association of American Colleges 1985; Garrison 1984), yet the empirical evidence documenting progress toward this objective among undergraduate college students is minimal, and among graduate students, is virtually nonexistent”(167-168).

See. January 28, 2014.

Does academic achievement have a relation with intelligence or IQ score and discipline or behavior? How can lack of discipline or bad behavior and little or lack of intelligence affect students? According to a study titled Teacher Perceptions of the Relationships between Intelligence, Student Behavior, and Academic Performance by Anthony Imbrosciano and Richard Berlach, they tried to find out how academic performance was correlated with intelligence and behavior. “The Effect of Sleep Deprivation.” “N.p.” “n.d” May. October 15, 2013.

Fear of Failure Can Affect Student’s Motivation and Attitude to Learn in University Herald, Sept 27, 2014. The government, school authorities, everyone, or parents have to try to help out the students who get pregnant. “WHY DO FIRST- GENERATION STUDENTS FAIL?” <em>College Student Journal</em> 45.1 (2011): 20-35. October 09, 2013.. Awakened the Wisdom and Power whiting You. “College Students Do Not Have Good Eating Habits” by Palmira in Agencia De Noticiasum. 2 Pages 167-186 Copyright © 1990 Association for the Study of Higher Education All Rights Reserved.

“Faculty respondents said students are not aware of the rigors of their chosen discipline. 25. October 12, 2013.

Dwyer, Liz. 30. Family Relations , Vol. 2012.

Purdue University, “Choosing a Major, How to pick the right major and more,” “N.D.” Oct. Indeed, the performance of participants scoring high on Raven’s Standard Progressive Matrices test was less impaired by a mismatch between the stimulus-response relation in the current and the previous trial.” The study substantiates that the more intelligent that someone is is the more flexible that he or she is cognitively. Aug. March 10, 2014.

Mann, Dale. Feb. Aug. News, covering high schools and college financing, 10 Colleges Where Grads Have the Most Student Loan Debt, December 17, 2013. “Responsibilities of a Teacher,” Buzzle teaching jobs. Forty of the students in the study came from schools in the lower SES bracket, 47 from schools in the higher bracket. Lu Yu in Internet addiction, which was edited by Donald W. Martyn, and Jeremy Dunning talk in the matter in the article titled Why Do Students Fail? Faculty’s Perspective in Higher Learning Commission, Collection of Papers 2014. Findings from a national survey conducted in 2005. “Academic Cheating Fact Sheet.” “An unprecedented study that followed several thousand undergraduates through four years of college found that large numbers did not learn the critical thinking, complex reasoning and written communication skills that are widely assumed to be at the core of a college education,” according to Doug Mataconis in his article titled College Students Lack Critical Thinking Skills, But Who’s To Blame. Sun, and Dr. Also, research shows that when schools make an effort to support pregnant girls in their education, they can have a significant impact in lowering their drop-out rates,” according to Linda Mangel, Education Equity Director, in her article titled Teen Pregnancy, Discrimination, and the Dropout Rate in ACLU. Martyn, and Jeremy Dunning in the article titled Why Do Students Fail? Faculty’s Perspective in Higher Learning Commission, Collection of Papers 2014. 05/09/2013, October 8, 2013. “SOCIAL NETWORKING USAGE AND GRADES AMONG COLLEGE STUDENTS,”A Study to Determine the Correlation Of Social Media Usage and Grades. George Boeree.

See. January 17, 2013.

Many students go to college with the hope of giving themselves the skill that they need but often fail or drop out not entirely only because they are unprepared to attend college academically but for many reasons. Dipboye, Amanda Peek Phillips in their article titled College Students’ Time Management: Correlations With Academic Performance and Stress.

Cook, Barbara. “Schools Coping With Students Unprepared for College” by Didi Tang In News-Leader. Why urban parents resist involvement in their children’s elementary education [61 paragraphs]. Mars 13, 2012. Handler, M.D. “N.D” January 1, 2015.

Jeremy Olson in Bad habits can mean bad grades, University of Minnesota study. “Depression and College Students, Answers to college students’ frequently asked questions about depression”. ” The Consequences of Cheating for Students.” According to the article titled Math, Science Popular Until Students Realize They’re Hard, “In a working paper published by the National Bureau of Economic Research, researchers Ralph Stine brickner of Berea College and Todd R. October 15, 2013.

The Benefits of Smaller Classes by Leonie Haimson, Executive Director, Class Size Matters, June 2010; available at, Feb. A surve

DiLallo, Emma, “Students Go to College But Not Go to Class.” 2012.


RAMPELL , CATHERINE: Many With New College Degree Find the Job Market Humbling, May 18, 2011 in The New York times. Race seems to be a factor in the problem. Harrison Jr., Best-Selling Parenting Author, shows in the article titled What Causes Students to Fail or Drop Out of College, “Boylan supports King’s (2004) assumptions by stating that ‘students fail to do well in college for a variety of reasons and only one of them is lack of academic preparedness.’”

Philstar in the article titled Fighting computer addiction in kids, November 28, 2010. According to Abour H. ” Students With depression likely to dropout of college.” February 13 2012.


Dr. Another factor dragging down the performance of minority students, according to the report, is the fear of fulfilling a negative stereotype. We can also look at to help these students choose appropriate majors or majors that would match them. Remember, you can’t get the time back you spend doing something that’s not worth it.” For a particular type of reason, many college graduates may not find job after graduation. The Top Five Reasons Why Students Fail To Succeed In School. Allyson Todd, dean of academic affairs at the Community College of Allegheny County, told the Pittsburgh Post-Gazette that some students come to college unprepared for the amount of work required,” as stated in the article titled What Percentage of College Students Fail Their First Semester by Amy Sterling Casil.

Kelley Holland in the article titled College Students Consider Themselves Financially Savvy: Survey in NBC News. “In California, for example, tuition and fees increased 91% at California State University and 74% at the University of California from 2006, according to a recent report by the nonprofit California Budget Project. May 08, 2014.

Petra Alfred, et al. Web. College Students’ Time Management: Correlations With Academic Performance and Stress by Therese Hoff Macan, Comila Shahani, Robert L. but they do not realize that it is a very difficult and long road academically. 2008. November 17, 2013.

” U.S Students And Homework.” This ability enables you to handle social interactions and relationships better.” Chohen also illustrates many ways that we can measure intelligence. We can also find ways to help many of them performing well in school or gaining test taking strategies skills or organizational skills or to prevent them from getting pregnant or married or from having a dissatisfaction for school, help them managing their time properly or interacting with their professors, or try to help them with their families’ responsibilities or to provide a better teaching style that can help students with learning disabilities or dyslexia. Experience shows that these additional eligibility requirements still leave about half of incoming freshmen under-prepared for college,” according to the article titled Beyond the Rhetoric Improving College Readiness Through Coherent State Policy in higher

Grove, Jack in Students’ mental health problems highlighted in times , 20 May 2013.

See. As it is explained by the scientists, “Psychometritians utilize a process known as standardization in order to make it possible to compare and interpret the meaning of IQ scores. Health And Human Health Library. 9, 2013.

See. In addition to that, Katherine Mangan shows in the article titled Minority Male Students Face Challenge to Achieve at Community Colleges in The Chronic of Higher Education that “one contributing factor to the pattern: Minority students tend to enter college with weaker academic skills. Maryellen Weimer uses about the study that is analyzed in his article : Ackerman, D. They may also involve in over-committed extracurricular activities.” Help students dealing with large classes, relationship issues, fear of failure or frustration, lack of discipline, lack of intelligence, discrimination, low self-esteem, or burnout. This idea can make us realize as stated in the study that “It is clear from the results that IQ showed a correlation with APR “(Imbrosciano & Berlach). 2009. in Depressive Symptoms and Romantic Relationship Qualities from Adolescence through Emerging Adulthood: A Longitudinal Examination of Influences in the National Institute of Health Public Access Policy. Department of Justice.

Examiner in Why Poor Time Management Could Be a Huge Enemy in a College Relationship, February 17, 2010. May 21. Educationrealist, February 6, 2012. 15 Oct. Fortunately, for example, “The Long Beach campus received more than 83,500 undergraduate applications for fall 2014, among the highest count in the nation. A study consisted of 610 Schools. “N.p” Feb. Findarticle. 2012.

See. Students fail because of that. 22. November 14, 2013.

Alexandra Sifferlin, New Worry for College Students: Food Insecurity Time Health & Family, Jan. November 10, 2013.

See. Sep 10 2015.

Juutinen, Sanna & Saariluoma, Pertti. Web. October 16, 2015. Students experience ‘stereotype threat,’ he argues, when they feel pressure not to conform to a negative stereotype, whether it’s women in a science class or black men in a college course.” Many students do not eat well. “For general behaviour, the teachers were asked to complete a Likert-type ranking for each child in their class” (Imbrosciano & Berlach). “Five Misconceptions about Learning Disabilities,” PS News Hours. “N.D” 6/17/ 2014.

Minority Male Students Face Challenge to Achieve at Community Colleges by Katherine Mangan in The Chronic of Higher Education , February 26, 2014. 27, 2013. Students need to be motivated to want to learn and work hard at it to make faster gains and learn better than those who are bright but less motivated (Blue 2012). They have to write long paper and read long assignments”(1). In order to do the survey, researchers Ralph Stine brickner of Berea College and Todd R. According to Jack Grove in the article titled Students’ Mental Health Problems Highlighted, “Research by the National Union of Students also found that 20 percent of students consider themselves to have a mental health problem. “Although black and Latino male students enter community colleges with higher aspirations than those of their white peers, white men are six times as likely to graduate in three years with a certificate or degree. They academically perform poorly, which causes them troubles. Mond. That can help them gaining memories or positively affect their learning capabilities. NEWBOLD, and MATTHEW A. “n.d” May. USA. 03, 2014.

See: Sleep Habits: More Important Than You Think, Chronic Sleep Deprivation May Harm Health by Michael J. Nicholas Freudenberg and Jessica Ruglis in the article titled Reframing School Dropout as a Public Health Issue.

Quentin Fottrell, This Is the Biggest Challenge Facing First-year College Students. Pearson Allyn Bacon Prentice Hall shows in the article titled IQ and School Achievement, “Modern intelligence tests have been designed with Binet’s original purpose in mind: to predict how well individual students are likely to perform in the classroom and similar situations.

Intelligence has a relation with cognitive flexibility. December. Option fixation: A cognitive contributor to overconfidence Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 103 (1), 68-83 DOI: 10.1016/j.obhdp.2006.11.001. 22. May. 15. We can also look at to give kids from low-income family more challenging and demanding class in High school before attending college or help those who have trouble thinking reasonably or studying. October, 13, 2014. 2, No. 1997. “Helping Failing Students

Part 2: Understanding, Reaching, and Helping Passively Failing Students” January 2012. Smydo, Joe. Author manuscript; available in PMC 2012 January 1. “The AUIS Revolution,” April 4, 2012.. 3/11/2014. Filed under Editorials, Students life. 2009. Journal of Marketing Education, 27 (1), 5-13. 3. Ahmet Adal?er Cyprus show in the article titled THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN INTERNET ADDICTION AND PSYCHOLOGICAL SYMPTOMS, “Students dropout from school to spend time on computers.” Some students are the first persons from their families to attend college. Oct. Science Leadership Academy in the study of Suspensions vs. A December UI graduate, Bushby went from being a straight A student at the beginning of her undergraduate studies to not being able to get through classes. EBSCO. 2015.

John O’Connor, To Cut Student Debt, Florida College Cuts Off Some Student Borrowing in NPR, October 12, 2014. They are depressed. July 21. February. “A study by the College Board shows students from poorer families who took more rigorous advanced placement courses in high school had higher four-year college-going rates, first-year grade point averages and retention rates than their counterparts who did not take any AP exams. Web. “N.D” October 10, 2013.

Robert Leamnson , Getting Students to Read, Thinking about Teaching and Learning: Developing Habits of Learning with First Year College and University Students (p. “N.D” October 30, 2013.

Cynthia G Schott of the University of Florida and Gerald C. “College Students Continue to Adopt New

See. October 14, 2013.

See. Tue. “N.P” “n.d.” Monday. Mar. Harrison Jr.Best-Selling Parenting Author

See. Oct 16, 2015. According to the article titled Intelligence And Cognitive Flexibility: Fluid Intelligence Correlates with Feature “Unbinding” Across Perception And Action by Colzato LS1, van Wouwe NC, Lavender TJ,and Hommel B, “People integrate the features of perceived events and of action plans, as well as of episodic stimulus-response relations, into event files. Williams and S. “University Life of Non-Traditional Students: Engagement Styles and Impact on Attrition.” <em>Journal of Higher Education</em> 82.1 (2011): 33-53. The correlation of SAT combined performance and fluid intelligence is close to 0.40 for both SAT combined and GPA. 2004. Stine brickner of the University of Western Ontario say that college students are fleeing from math, physics, chemistry and the like after dipping into some classes,”( Safdar). Vol. 2011.

Slaboch, Kate. August 21, 2012.

The Key Reasons Why People Fail Online Education by Amelia Turner.

Rob Ramaker, Guy Ackermans, and Pascal Tieman in Ressource for Wageningen Students and employee. Bad grades didn’t force students to drop out because of academic rules or regulations, bad grades caused students to drop out because they altered how students viewed their future college experience.” Students had to help out their families’ responsibility. “Why Kids Drop Out of School.” “N.D.” Sept 20, 2012.

Richard D. By doing so, they ensure their own success and that their education meets their individual needs.” It can also be helpful if some colleges help students financially, and that can also help those colleges. Secondly, in all the school listed above, they asked the instructors to rank their students according to how they knew their students were intelligent and how they performed in their classes. Its quotient (IQ) is the score you get on an intelligence test. With early detection, the right help and hard work students with dyslexia can and do learn successfully. For example, “According to Michael Ellsberg, the problem with that is, ‘College is training for managerial work, and the economy doesn’t need that many managers.’ In this economy, businesses do not have the time or capital to train you to become employable. October 13, 2013.

Ravenscraft in Why Confidence Is So Important (and How to Improve Yours),10/08/2013. January 11, 2014.

Weade, Barbara L, “School and Work Tardiness in High School Students in Rural Wisconsin.” May 2004. The plan will identify ‘colleges that do the most to help students from disadvantaged backgrounds as well as identify colleges that are improving their performance,’ according to a release from the White House.” Parents of first generation college students have to try to be more supportive to their children. Working together, parents, in partnership with members of the medical and educational communities, can formulate and oversee a prescription for their success.” Students have to attend class.”That’s the easiest way to graduate, is to go to class,” according to Harry H. Feb. 14, 2013.

IJGE: International Journal of Global Education – 2012, volume 1 issue 2: THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN INTERNET ADDICTION AND PSYCHOLOGICAL SYMPTOMS: Asst. Mohsen Haghbin , Adam McCaffrey, and Timothy A. May, 21. However, inadequate sleep or sleep deprivation is a reason of poor academic performance or negatively impacts their academic performance. Brody, 1997; Gustafsson&Undheim, 1996; Sattler, 2001). “Sleep takes a back seat.” <em> The Independent Florida Alligator. August 21, 2012.

Online College Student 2015 in New Data About Online College Students Available. “College Students Texting During Class, Students Say Professors Would Be Shocked at the Number of Texts Sent During Class ,”Dec 3 2010 . 2012.

Why Students Drink by the University of Minnesota

See: College Students Can Learn To Drink Less, If Schools Help by Maanvi Singh, January 28, 2014. 2010. The report goes to show according to Katherine Mangan that “for example, 39 percent of the black men with C-minus averages said they never cut classes, compared with 31 percent of Latinos and 24 percent of white men. Taras, Howard, “Poor Sleep, Poor Grade.” “Factors Militating Against Effective Teaching,” eHow. According to Eric Horowitz, “The Stinebrickners looked at three ways grades can impact dropout: 1) Students want to stay in school but are forced out by their poor performance, 2) poor grades lower expectations about future academic performance and future earnings, and 3) bad grades make school less enjoyable. Brewer. George Boeree. ‘We’re seeing increasing numbers of students designated as low-income and it had to do with the growing inequality of wealth and income in the U.S., with increasing numbers of young people living in poverty,’ said David Dowell, Cal State Long Beach’s interim provost”(Rivera). “N.D” January 1, 2014.

See: Prof. Pychyl. They classified the schools in the followings ways: a government school in a lower SES area, a non-government/Catholic school in the same lower SES area, a government school in a higher SES area, and a non-government/Catholic school in the same higher SES area. Martyn, and Jeremy Dunningin the article titled Why Do Students Fail? Faculty’s Perspective in Higher Learning Commission). He was Medical Case Manager at FoundCare’s and Recreation Leader, Child Care Provider, at Boca Raton Community Middle School. October16, 2013.

David L. Murphy & Terence Hicks. Latinos are in between, and white men report the lowest levels of engagement at almost every level but the most success according to a report released on Wednesday by the Center for Community College Student Engagement at the University of Texas,” as it is stated in the article titled Minority Male Students Face Challenge to Achieve at Community Colleges by Katherine Mangan in The Chronic of Higher Education. Remez Sasson,

Author and Founder of D., Montreal, QC, “Understanding Learning Disabilities?” Studies repeatedly show that performance on intelligence tests is correlated with school achievement (N. Miller and Coleen Murray , as Harry H. 16 Oct. Meyers, MD in WebMD Feature. According to the Theses, Dissertations, and Capstone Projects titled Cognitive Flexibility In A Forensic Population by Deborah M. Most agree that intelligence is an umbrella term which covers a variety of related mental abilities.”

Lastly, not at all, race seems to be a factor in the problem. 2011.

Texas College Rejects Nigerian Applicants, Cites Ebola Cases by Dan Mangan, October 14, 2014. The remaining 75% need remedial work in English, mathematics, or both.”

The Real Reasons Children Drop Out of School by Franklin Schargel , Former Teacher, School Counselor and School Administrator

Rajeev, Loveleena. 3/12/2014.

The Effects of Excessive Absenteeism in Schools by Malikah Walters,”an English professor, and has been instructing English and education courses at the college level since 2008. Published in final edited form as: J Adolesc Health. Since the average score is 100, experts can quickly assess individual test scores against the average to determine where these scores fall on the normal distribution,”as stated in the article titled What Is the Average IQ by Kendra Cherry. 2012.

See. Students are pregnant. She said she spent the majority of her college days in her room unable to leave because she couldn’t stop crying because of depression” (Moustafa and Linh Ta). August 22, 2012.

See. 2012.

See: Ethan Yazzie-Mintz in the article titled Students are bored, many skip school, lack adult support, Feb. “First -Generation College Students Are More Likely to Have Lower Semester Grade.” Fayettevill State University. December 6, 2013.

Foxprovidence. Maryellen Weimer, Why Students Procrastinate and What You Can Do About It, May 7, 2009. 5, 2014.

See. 2012.

See. Johnson in The Graduate School of University of Wisconsin-Stout Menomonie, WI in May2011. ‘It’s dry and hard to get through, so if you can create an oasis in there, it would be a good thing,’ says Dr. According to Ethan Yazzie-Mintz in the article titled Students Are Bored, Many Skip School, Lack Adult Support, “‘ Sixty-one percent said, ‘I didn’t like the teachers,’ and 60 percent said, ‘I didn’t see the value in the work I was being asked to do.’” Health problems cause them many troubles. At some point in your life, you’ll have to learn to become self-reliant to survive in an environment like that”(Tunney).

Naomi Schaefer Riley in Why do college kids have so much time to smoke pot. 15. 2012.

Cost, financial aid becoming more important in college choice, Los Angeles Times By Carla Rivera. For example, as stated in the free dictionary, “Intelligence discipline is a well-defined area of intelligence collection, processing, exploitation, and reporting using a specific category of technical or human resources. We can help them. In May 8, 2012, he graduated from Palm Beach State College with an Associate in Arts Degree. Stine brickner, one of the paper’s authors, said ‘What they did not expect is that even if they work hard, they still will not do well’” (safdar). Rumberger , University of California, Santa Barbara. 2012.

J. Jaffe, MS and Professor Drew Nelson. Oct. Anderson, Demand Media in Global Post. 2012.

Intelligence and IQ , Dr. August 20, 2012.

Why Students Drop Out of College by Diann Fisher in March 16, 2012. January 11, 2014:

A finding from the 2001-2002 of NFTE in two Boston Public Schools by Michael Nakkula, Claudia Pineda, Amy Dray, and Miranda Lutyens. In May 2014, he graduated from Florida Atlantic University with a Bachelor of Science in Economics. The two paramount types of intelligence are multiple Intelligences and general Intelligence. Thursday, July 27. September 28, 2012.

Thursday, May 8, 2014, the Daily Carliforninian. “The Effect Of Different Attendance Policies On Student Attendance And Achievement.” (1992): ERIC. 10 Theories On The Relationship Between Socioeconomic Status And Academic Achievement by Grant Wiggins, December 20, 2012, TeachThought Staff. Education and parental involvement in secondary schools: Problems, solutions, and effects. How can students assume responsibility? According to Jamestown Community College, JCC, State University of New York, in Student Responsibility Statement that was endorsed by the faculty in September 2008 and by Student Senate in October 2008, “Students assume responsibility when they take an active role in their learning by recognizing they are accountable for their academic success. Some instructors grade more heavily on homework, papers and projects, while others put a lot of weight on tests. 2011.

What is Intelligence in Psychology Today.”N.D” 06, 17, 2014.

Chris Denhart, a Forbes Staff, The Rise And Fail Of The Five-Year College Degree, July 25, 2013. Kakuma News Reflector – A Refugee Free Press. In addition to that, the government school in a lower SES area has a teacher’s APR (academic performance) of 0.378 with a teacher’s GBR(general behavior rate) of 0.098, the non-government/Catholic school in the same lower SES area has a teacher’s APR of 0.226 and a teacher’s GBR of -0.138, the government school in a higher SES area has a teacher’s APR of 0.636 with a teacher’s GBR of 0.491, and the non-government/Catholic school in the same higher SES area has a teacher’s APR of 0.503 and a teacher’s GBR of 0.287. Letham, Susan. He says that “Robert Sternberg, proposes that there are 3 fundamental aspects to intelligence: analytical, practical, and creative. Dr. “The results have shown that there is a significant relationship between emotional intelligence and life satisfaction. According to the article titled Cheating in College: Where It Happens, Why Students Do It and How to Stop It by Bryce Buchmann, Texas A&M, “Tightening the rules on classroom behavior during exams seems like the most obvious and readily available solution for cheating. 31, 2014. V2, N6 2002. August 20, 2012.

See: “Why Don’t Students Like School?” Well, Duhhhh… Faculty managers currently do not serve well in this role; they are all production based. However, there are many differences between high school and college. Harrison Jr., Best-Selling Parenting Author, shows in the article titled What Causes Students to Fail or Drop out of College by stating that “no matter what students’ grades were in High School, they didn’t to AP or college level courses, they are simply not prepared for the onslaught of homework they will receive in college”. 3 (Jul., 1990), pp. We also need to provide adequate training and ongoing mentorship opportunities for teachers and change the collective mindset when it comes to how the learning process works, making coursework more relevant, interactive and engaging. He goes on to show that health problems have relations with many elements that can cause students troubles in their academic performance; in addition to that, students can fail or drop out of school due to health problems (1 &2). If the correlation between IQ and SAT was zero, it would mean that knowing someone’s IQ would give you no clue as to how well they will do on their SATs – the one doesn’t predict the other. “Tardy sweep causes frustration for late students.” February 29, 2012. November 14, 2013.

Survey: Majority of college students elect not to buy new textbooks by DAVID KRECHEVSKY in REPUBLICAN-AMERICAN, Tuesday, January 28, 2014. Gawlik. August. 8, 2014.


See. Education Reform, November 29, 2013.

Intervention Central. If we all do that, it is conceivable or possible that there will be a decrease in college dropout and failure rates.”A lot of people think college is hard and then think about quitting and doing something else because they do not think they can cut it. 21. December 13, 2013.

See: Richard J. European Journal of Open, Distance & E-learning. If this were to happen, schools would go to extreme lengths to ensure students have the opportunity to graduate in four. BEYOND STUDENT PERCEPTIONS: ISSUES OF INTERACTION, PRESENCE, AND PERFORMANCE IN AN ONLINE COURSE that was conducted by Anthony G. “N.p.” December 9, 2009. They face troubles due to online classes. 17 Oct. ‘It is that too many of them have not, for myriad reasons, had the kinds of educational experiences that would effectively maximize those capabilities,’” according to the article titled Minority Male Students Face Challenge to Achieve at Community Colleges by Katherine Mangan in The Chronic of Higher Education.

Cyrus R. March. We need to teach our kids how to reason, how to think; they need to know how to study before entering college.” As a matter of fact, statistics have shown that it gives better results when students take college level classes since in High school before entering college or when teachers have better equipment in the classroom. In addition to that, Carla Rivera indicates in the article titled Cost, Financial Aid Becoming More Important in College Choice that “the responses may indicate a ‘disconnect’ between students’ expectations and the drive to integrate more Massive Open Online Courses — or MOOCs — and other online technologies.” They choose hard programs, they are not that much or are not strategically prepared for taking their test in college, or they come from low-income families. February 7, 2014.

Moss, Erica. Legislators have to stand up. Web. He has published many short stories and essays, especially about relationship or love, literature review, education, and politics. August 30th, 2011. Jaffe and Professor Drew Nelson , “Academic Cheating Fact Sheet” in

Even if all students are intelligent or have cognitive flexibility, other problems may stand up. However, regardless of the various assessment methods used, students can benefit by being cognizant of common causes of class failure” (Kokemuller). thesis, University of Maryland, College Park, on file with ProQuest Information and Learning Company by Boccanfuso, Christopher in, 2005. “The Power of Perseverance”, Self-Transformation Series: Issue No. 2007 July; 4(3): A72. October 19, 2013.

WHAT RESEARCH SAYS ABOUT PARENT INVOLVEMENT IN CHILDREN’S EDUCATION In Relation to Academic Achievement by Michigan Department of Education. Brain Basics: Understanding Sleep by National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke.

Dr. Glennie, Ph.D., and Elizabeth Stearns, Ph.D. Lavoie, MA, M.Ed. Learning disabilities, poor or bad study habit, smoking, lack of perseverance, or stress or anxiety causes them troubles. ” Stress and The College Students: A Debate.” “If You Want to Know Why Students Fail, Just Ask Them.” <em>U.S. August, 18, 2012.


Christian Haro, “Managing Your Time,” November 16, 2008. Educational Psychology Interactive. Rowell Huesmann in The Impact of Electronic Media Violence: Scientific Theory and Research in the National Institute of Health Public Access Policy : Adolesc Health. <em> May. Prevalence of Underage Drinking in Johns Hopkins.

Barzegar, Majid .The Relationship between Goal Orientation and Academic Achievement- The Mediation Role of Self-Regulated Learning Strategies- A Path Analysis International Conference on Management, Humanity and Economics (ICMHE’2012) August 11-12, 2012 Phuket (Thailand). October 15, 2013.

“While most university campuses offer resources to help students cope, some of those students ultimately withdraw from school. Martyn, and Jeremy Dunning in the article titled Why Do Students Fail? Faculty’s Perspective in Higher Learning Commission, Collection of Papers 2014).

See: 11 Facts About Education and Poverty in America in Dosomething, “N.D”, November 12, 2013.

Postman, Joel. Effects of Sexual Harassment by Women Center in Northwestern.

Students’ Intelligence can be measured by IQ score.”The impact of IQ level on educational achievement can be understood in terms of a useful statistic called a correlation (r) -a measure from 0 to 1.0 of the ‘link’ or strength of a relationship between two variables – e.g. In that study, the many reasons students provided for failing courses and colleges were grouped into seven main categories, including motivation (35%), study habits (17%), academic preparedness, (12%), external factors (11%), attitudes (11%), instruction (10%), and relevancy issues (4%)”( Abour H. August. This scenario can be seen in the left plot below. Atwood, Elizabethtown College. 2001. 17 2011

Survey: 17% of high schoolers drink, smoke, use drugs during school day by Carl Azuz, CNN, August 22nd, 2012 , November 26, 2013.

Cheating in College: Where It Happens, Why Students Do It and How to Stop It by Bryce Buchmann, Texas A&M, 02/20/2014. As the University of Florida, CWC, Counselling & Wellness Center states in the article titled Stress and College Students, “There are four primary sources of stress: the environment- examples include noise, pollution, traffic and crowding, and the weather, physiological – examples include illness, injuries, hormonal fluctuations, and inadequate sleep or nutrition, thoughts – examples include the way students think affects how they respond, negative self-talk, catastrophizing, and perfectionism all contribute to increased stress, and social Stressors – examples include financial problems, work demands, social events, and losing a loved one. Top 3 Reasons to Have Family Dinner (and tips to help you do it!) by suzukistacy in The Young Both-Young Services.

Obama seeking to help poor students, but policies favor the rich: opinion, By Jon Marcus, The Hechinger Report @CNNMoney January 17, 2014. “NP” “November 2, 2011. Teens, Sleep and School by Gisele Glosser in Mathgoodies

Scheffler RM, Brown TT, Fulton BD, Hinshaw SP, Levine P, and Stone Show in Positive association between attention-deficit/ hyperactivity disorder medication.reference: National Institute of Mental Health. January 31, 2010. Monday, 15 2012. in Testwiseness:, “N.D”. Stephany Elsworth in Do Language Barriers Affect Student Performance in School?

See. “N.p” Mar. Obama is giving the task force of administration officials 90 days to come up with recommendations for colleges to prevent and respond to sexual assault, increase public awareness of each school’s track record and enhance coordination among federal agencies to hold schools accountable if they don’t confront the problem”( THE ASSOCIATED PRESS). 2011.

Nayland S. November 11. This is a challenge for online students and environments. Handler, a medical doctor, shows in the articled titled What Parents Need to Know About Dyslexia (Reading Disability) in American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus, “Students with dyslexia can be taught strategies to work with their learning disability., Facts & Stats, Academic Integrity in College and Graduate School, ‘The idea of investment has moved from the education experience and thinking and problem-solving skills to a more practical orientation of what career will this prepare me for, Allen said’,” according to Carla Rivera in the article titled Cost, Financial Aid Becoming More Important in College Choice.

Online Services,” Mar. Fox Providence. Article Contributed by: Jen Thames, Brand Manager for the best source for residence hall linens and twinXL bedding on the web. A few of them are unenforced rules, lack of communication, teacher-student relationship, lack of leadership, lack of motivation, and bad habit.”

Academically Adrift: Limited Learning on College Campuses By Richard Arum and Josipa Roksa Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2011, Thought & Action Fall 2011. January 13, 2014.

Update On Binge Drinking Among College Students: From Bad To Worse by Robert Glatter, MD. In fact, it has divided the scientific community for decades and controversies still rage over its exact definition and form of measurement,” according to Hsin-Yi Cohen, BSc, MA, Mst. “Fifty three percent of recent college grads are jobless or underemployed, and forty five percent are still living with their parents. How to Survive the Third Year of Medical School: Common Pitfalls by Apollo aka L.Y. Not only this study shows that correlation, but other experts also conceivably show that correlation in the study titled Sub-threshold Autism Traits: The role of Trait Emotional Intelligence And Cognitive Flexibility. January 11, 2014.

Best Practice Guide Managing underperformance by Fair Work Ombudsman, 2009, Australien government.

Time Management for College Students by VGCC “N.D” December 10, 2013.

Michele Heister in the article titled Dropout

Data and Statistics in the 2008-2009 school year data by the Division of Data

Quality in PA or Pennsylvania Department of Education in PIMSPennsylvania Department of Education – Division of Data Quality

333 Market

Street | Harrisburg, PA 17126-0333

Phone: 717.787.2644 | Fax: 717.787.3148 |

TTY: 717.783.8445 |

The Free Dictionnary by Farlex: Intelligence Discipline. XIII International Symposium SymOrg 2012, 05 – 09 June 2012, Zlatibor, Serbia. October 13, 2013.

A summary ofbWhy Don’t Students Like School? A Cognitive Scientist Answers Questions About How The Mind Works And What It Means For The Classroom By Daniel Willingham Summarized by Bud Nye, R.N., M.S.

See: Recent college grads face 36% ‘mal-employment’ rate by Tami Luhby, June 25, 2013. High-Tech Cheating Abounds, and Professors Bear Some Blame by Jeffrey R. Thus he believes that standard IQ tests and psychometric tests focus on certain components, such as logical and linguistic, while completely ignoring other components which may be equally important.” Cohen argues that intelligence has more than one aspects. Faculty and academic managers need to think of creative ways to do this in our virtual learning environments. October 15, 2013.

Patricia M. Cosden (1997), “Risk, Resilience, and Adjustment of Individuals with Learning Disabilities.” ID Deciding to drop out is not life or death. (2007). Tori Walston, Former Dropout A first-hand account , April 21st, 2012. “Frank Durham, associate professor of journalism and mass communication at the UI, said depression is difficult to spot in the college setting unless a student personally expresses his or her distress to the instructor,” according to Moustafa and Linh Ta.”Alexandra Bushby, 23, also didn’t tell others. 2012. In addition to that , Tori Walston reported that she drop out of school in the article titled DISCUSS: How Do We Best Prevent Dropouts due to being undisciplined. “Students Depressed over Lack of Money.” <em></em> The Telegraph, 17 Apr. March 8, 2012. Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry: Your Child: ADHD LD Online: ADHD: Building Academic SuccessThe Washington Post: The Answer Sheet: How Schools (Even Great Ones) Fail Kids With ADHD The New York Times: Health: Attention Deficity Disorder or Not, Pills Help in School. January 5, 2014.

According to the article titled Aspergers Checklist: Cognitive Issues in, a student who lacks cognitive flexibility can experience the followings problems: “difficulty with organizational skills, sequencing, task initiation,incorporating new information with previously acquired information, transitions, task completion, or direction following or difficulty when novel material is presented without visual support.”

Ashburn, Elyse.<em>THE CHRONICLE of Higher Education</em>.. Carol L. The results are particularly notable for minority students. Oct 5 2009. 74% experience feelings of mental distress once a month or more, and 1/3 suffered mental distress every week.” In the article titled The Role of Comprehensive School Health Education Programs in the Link between Health in Academic Performance: A literature review in the Health of Learning Project, the author indicates that the American School Health Association and the United States Department of Health and Human Services shows in 1998 that health problems can cause students to have trouble learning and concentrating in school; many studies demonstrate that health problems cause students to engage in risky activities, causing them to have memory problems or to pay attention little or not pay attention in class(1). It is the power of one’s intellect, and as such is clearly a very important aspect of one’s overall well-being. “College Students with Children,” “Sources: Johnson, Jean et al. 22. December 7, 2013. November 14, 2013.

Constitutional Rights Foundation, Causes of School Violence, Most of them do not sleep adequately. A study from 1999 suggests that information becomes ‘cemented’ in our brains as we sleep.” We can also economically help them or take more time to motivate them or to talk to them by making them realize how education is valuable. Since cultural ideas may influence the prevalence of cheating, the best long-term solution may be to take a societal approach. Connection Between Alcohol and Drugs in Alchoolrehab, Dara Thailand.

See. 17, 2010. This is not a good reason to drop out. 19. Prof. October 17, 2013.

Alex Ondracek in the article titled Bad Sleeping Habits Affect Grades, Ability to Absorb Information in Class , Sep 6, 2012. Some of them are caught cheating , so they automatically fail the whole course. 28, 2007. “n.d” May. Here is a plot that shows what this degree of correlation looks like – you can see there is quite a close link. The few researchers who examined the impact of addiction, mental illness, chronic diseases, or mortality among parents on students’ school achievement suggest it has a substantial effect (33,34),” according to Dr. Harrison Jr. 17 Oct. How Cultural Differences May Affect Student Performance by Karen McGee, M.A.

See: Jeri LaBahn in his article titled Education and Parental Involvement in Secondary Schools: Problems, Solutions, and Effect. L. January 2011.

Kyle Chayka , Congratulations! Science Confirms That Post-Breakup Revenge Sex Is a Real Phenomenon, Time New Feed, Jan. Colleges that can reduce net costs to families are gaining more of an edge in attracting students to their campus. Randy Brown and Dr. 18, 2012.

Obesity on Campus by Phillip B Sparling, EdD, Professor of Applied Physiologycorresponding author in ncbi, Public Health Research, Practice, And Policy. Brody, 1997; Gustafsson & Undheim, 1996; Sattler, 2001). Volume 4 Number 2.

Intelligence and cognitive flexibility: fluid intelligence correlates with feature “unbinding” across perception and action by Colzato LS1, van Wouwe NC, Lavender TJ, Hommel B. Feb 03, 2014:

Jessica Pieklo in the article titled Pregnant Students Left Behind As School Starts, September 2, 2012. August 22, 2012.

Google Dictionary. January 9, 2014.

See.The 2009 CDC’s Youth Risk Behavior Survey in In Defense of Schools: It’s a Fact Healthy Students are Successful Students by RMC health. Department of Education, and CEO and President of the Hispanic Scholarship Fund shows in Getting More Low-Income Students into College Isn’t about Money, It’s About the Curriculum By Sara Martinez Tucker that “we need to set aggressive performance goals for schools, teachers and students, create higher expectations for success, and open up rigorous classes to every student. The Fragile Teenage Brain by Jonah Lehrer in Grantland.

Therresa Worthington in College Students Have Financial Aid Options in thespectrum.June 26, 2014. Kidshealth. December 6, 2013, Reviewed by: Lauren Applebaum, the Associate Dean of the Fingerhut School of Education in American Jewish University’s Graduate Center for Education. June 17, 2014.

See: PBS NewsHour: Why Students Who Underperform Drop out of School:

See: Oona Goodin-Smith, Oakland University and Daniel Rader, Ohio University of the article titled Students Break the Bank to Buy Their Books.

See:The study by Muhammad Luqman at the department of psychology at Bahauddin

Zakriya University Multan

What is Intelligence and How is it Measured by Hsin-Yi Cohen BSc, MA, MSt.26 February. “Action on Dropout” “N.D” Sept. Therese Hoff Macan, Comila Shahani, Robert L. January 12, 2014.

Dennis Romero, More Students Are Choosing Colleges by Price, UCLA Says, Wed, Mar 12, 2014. Some of them choose inappropriate or wrong major or fear to fail or are frustrated. They found that many students who majored in math, physics, and chemistry drop out in their disciplines. Prev Chronic Dis 2007;4(4). November 18, 2011. On the majority of modern IQ tests, the average (or mean) score is set at 100 with a standard deviation of 15 so that scores conform to a normal distribution curve. They lack organizational skills. – See more at:

Farooqi, Saif. Reference that Dr. 2012.

See. Today. The Bar-On emotional intelligence and life satisfaction questionnaire were used.” Ghorbanshiroudi, JavadKhalatbari, Mohammad Salehi, SonaBahari, and Mohammad MojtabaKeikhayfarzanehalso used the Pearson test. Azzam. May 10, 2014.

See. March 13, 2014.

Why Do Students Fail or Get Less Marks in Exam? – Causes in The World Largest Network of Learning Disabilities and ADHD. 2011.

See. Morrison and Merith A. “Girls who leave due to pregnancy report that they would have stayed in school if they had received greater support from the adults at school. 2008.

Engle, Jennifer. Special Report / Why Students Drop Out by Amy M. Martyn, and Jeremy Dunningin the article titled Why Do Students Fail? Faculty’s Perspective in Higher Learning Commission, Collection of Papers 2014, “Participants also indicated that some students lack the motivation and/or the interest, and thus they fail to invest the effort, time, and energy needed to complete college work. October 30, 2013.

Variables Related to Perfectionism by Marilyn E. For instance, only 14 percent of black students and 30 percent of Latinos meet ACT college-readiness standards in mathematics, while 53 percent of white students do. Dipboye, Amanda Peek Phillips

Student Safety Net Home in pleasval in Personal Responsibility (for Students):, December 07, 2013.

Megan Slack in the article titled President Obama Explains His Plan to Combat Rising College Costs The white, August 22, 2013. “n.d.” May 21, 2012.

The book, Nursing student’s retention, Understanding the process and making a difference by Marianne R. <em>ERIC</em>. “Students Failing English Due to Twitter, Facebook,”socialmediatoday. As stated in the article titled Schools Coping with Students Unprepared for College, “Academically unprepared or under-prepared students are more likely to drop out, a problem that carries heavy financial costs not only to the students but also to the public ” ( If you know that someone has a certain Gf score, you know they are likely to do better in their SAT score and their GPA…”

Fram, Allan & Tompson, Trevor. 08, 2014.

See: Kansas College Students Taking 6 Years to Graduate by Arianna Cohen, Feb 18, 2014. Steele, dean of the Stanford University Graduate School of Education. “N.D” January 8, 2014. Sara Rimm-Kaufman in her article titled Improving Students’ Relationships with Teachers to Provide Essential Supports for Learning, Positive relationships can also help a student develop socially In Amercian Psychological Association. Ormrod Pearson Allyn Bacon Prentice Hall in IQ and School Achievement in, “ND. By the way, as the dropouts have been mentioned many reasons in Army’s study, who are they? As Michele Heister shows in the article titled Dropout Data and Statistics in the 2008-2009 school year data by the Division of Data Quality in PA or Pennsylvania Department of Education in PIMS, “A drop out is a student who, for any reason other than death, leaves school before graduation without transferring to another school/institution.” Many students or dropouts do not do their assignment or their homework or do not practice their homework due to cheating or copying, which can cause them the same troubles that lack of personal standard can also cause them , procrastinate or are married, or have trouble paying attention in class due to excessive texting, so they often fail. October 17, 2015:

See. 11, 2014. Students have more responsibilities. 16 Oct. “A young black student at a Texas community college, identified only as James, told the interviewer in August 2009 that he was pumped up about college because he was ‘all about learning new things.’ In subsequent interviews over the next few months, however, his demeanor became more subdued, and by November, he was visibly slumping, his face partially obscured by his orange hoodie. October, 13 2013.

See. King, Phillip K. October 13, 2013.

The Relationship of Fear of Negative Evaluation and Perfectionism in College Students by Wayne Stephan, Amber Stephan, & Rosealee Palmer of Huntington University.

Women more than twice as likely to be depressed in The Telegraph. CME Released: 08/28/2008; Valid for credit through 08/28/2009. Wood, and Robert A. (2007). ” N.D” December 07, 2013.

See: DISCUSS: How Do We Best Prevent Dropouts? In They asked them about many elements about their study. 30, 2014. , Children don’t like school because they love freedom. 25. Also, we can infer from this study that schools where students have a better IQ score have better academic performance than those where students have lesser IQ scores, or schools where students have better IQ scores do not have but mostly have better general behavior rate than those where students do not have a better academic performance. Rachel C. “10 Signs You Picked The Wrong College Major,” May 9. Many students have to realize that 21 is the minimum drinking age or do not drink or smoke or use drugs at all. January 29, 2014.

J. “Plagerism Lines Blur for Students in Digital Age.” The New York Times. ” Lack of discipline, discouragement, perfectionism or fear of negative evaluation, burnout, violence, obesity, discrimination, loneliness, overconfidence, thinking problem, or college cost causes them troubles. Retrieved from:

Mollman, Sarah. 18, 2014.

Hayley Fowler mentions, “According to the 2013 National Survey Section One 4-yr Directors (Final).pdf of College Counseling Centers, an average of 1,800 students sought individual or group counseling for mental health related issues at universities with more than 15,000 students.”

Why do students drop out of school? Video taking from Youtube jazz89KUVO

See. We can try to help the students who get addicted to Internet or computer. October 12, 2014.

Connie Cass, Poll: College students get hard lessons in finance (, 2011). “Meeting the needs of gifted underachievers – individually!” by Smutney, J.

2e Newsletter December, 2004. 1997 November 11. December 31, 2013.

Gilardi, Silvia, and Chiara Guglielmetti. ” Why the Dropout Rate so High?” February 05, 2014.

David.<em>”</em>Colleges Are Failing in Graduation Rates.”<em></em>.. Fozdar, Kumar & Kannan ~ A Survey of a Study on the Reasons Responsible for Student Dropout from the Bachelor of Science Programme at Indira Gandhi National Open University. “What is at the Root of Poor Primary School Performance?” Volume 1, Issue 4-5 / March-April 2009.

Delece Smith-Barrow, an education reporter at U.S. 2011. November 10, 2013.

Brigham Young University, Center for Teaching & Learning, states, Helping Students Take Responsibility for Learning:, “N.D” Feb. “The concept of intelligence as a single entity was first put forth by an English psychologist named Charles Spearmen in the early 20th century. According to Richard Millsap in his article titled Why Do Some Students Succeed And Others Fail to Achieve Desired Class Grades, And Academic Goals & Objectives, students fail sometimes because they are not that much intelligent or are undisciplined. We can also look at to better our schools. and Wyndol Furman, Ph.D. 17 Oct.2011.</em> Leonhardt,

Malooly, Ashley M., “The Role of Affective Flexibility and Cognitive Flexibility in Effective Antecedent-Focused and Online Reappraisal” (2012). As Sheryl M. The think tank uses these professor ratings when it compiles its annual college rankings for Forbes.

Rachel Pancare shows in Effects of Tardiness on Your Child’s Education in Global Post, December 16, 2013.

See. Lethbridge Undergraduate Research Journal. their openness to online courses changes as they understand the greater flexibility offered. Students also drop out because they see that college is a waste of time. “The economist Mark Schneider refers to colleges with such dropout rates as ‘failure factories’, and they are the norm” (Leonhardt). Cohen goes on to indicate how scientists contradict with other scientists, regarding single intelligence belief, for example. May. 2009. November 11. 2009. “High School Dropouts: A Review of Issues and Evidence,”Review of Educational Research Summer 1987, Vol. In order to do so, Sara Martinez Tucker, CEO of the National Math and Science Initiative, the former Under Secretary of the U.S. Being a writer is something that he has a certain zeal to become in his life, but right now, he is trying, hoping to become a famous one one day. The Texas center’s report includes some of his findings and strategies for helping minority men succeed in college.” We can also help low-income students. 8, 2014.

See. According to Marsha A. Results confirm that there is pronounced variation within the general population relating to ASD traits, which reflect similar (though less severe) social-cognitive and emotional features to those observed in ASDs” (ElifGökçen, Konstantinos V. About one-quarter of incoming students to these institutions are fully prepared for college-level studies. They analyzed the results in a covariant manner. Removing the desire to cheat is the least immediately practical but most assured way of encouraging academic integrity.” Additionally, students have to stop using social sites, stop getting suspended in school, stop texting in class, stop being overconfident, stop eating badly, or stop procrastinating. This process is accomplished by administering the test to a representative sample and using these scores to establish standards, usually referred to as norms, by which all individual scores can be compared. “Unplanned Pregnancy and Community Colleges.” NOVEMBER 2009. November 11. Alcohol poisoning by Mayo Clinic Staff.

See: ADHD & Failing in School by Sandra L. Students have to comunicate with their instructors when they struggle; their professors can understand them because “they are people” as Nicole Eisenberg shows on College Magazines. 2011. 2012.

Hawley,Kristen. “The Evolution of Cheating.”

Panasci , Lucia. Ahmet Adal?er Cyprus International University, Faculty of Education, Nicosia, North Cyprus, Emre Balkan Cyprus International University, Faculty of Education, Nicosia, North Cyprus, December 13, 2013.

Krista Ramsey and Cliff Peale, USA TODAY, “First-generation college students stay the course.” Mars 29, 2010. How to 2011.

IQ Predicts Academic Achievement: Sep 10 2015. Adams, Farahnaz Movahedzadeh, Margaret A. Kent Butler. Feb. “N.D” October12, 2013.

See: Sandra Lilley in the article titled New Report Looks at Nation’s Undocumented College Students.

Smith, William H. June 17, 2011. Goldberg, who retired last year as an engineering professor at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign and is now an education consultant,” according to CHRISTOPHER DREW in the article titled Why Science Majors Change Their Minds (It’s Just So Darn Hard) in The New York times.

See: Teacher Perceptions of the Relationships between Intelligence, Student Behavior, and Academic Performance by Anthony Imbrosciano and Richard Berlach, Issues In Educational Research, Vol 13, 2003. Health and Learning Project. From:

Dr. <em>Education Research Complete</em>.

Education-Portal, “75 to 98 Percent of College Students Have Cheated.” That causes them to fail. March 5, 2014. 65 % of those polled saying Hitting deadlines had led to problems. 2011.

Students do not do well or drop out of college because the program that they choose is difficult. Admissions counselors and professors can also help. October 14, 2013.

The Real Reason New College Grads Can’t Get Hired By Martha C. ” June 17, 2014.

Esra CEYHAN, A. December 30, 2013.

A study titled Academic Burnout Among Students at Faculty of Organizational Sciences by Management Journal for Theory and Practice Management that was conducted by Ana Nikodijevi?, Jelena An?elkovi? Labrovi?, Aleksandar ?okovi? at the University of Belgrade, Faculty of Organizational Sciences. Monday.12.

5 reasons why students cheat in school by Jayme Gillen in examiner, Life Education & Schools General Education, November 22, 2012. Feb. ‘It may be, he said, that as ‘they have difficulty getting the classes they need … There are seven major disciplines: human intelligence, imagery intelligence, measurement and signature intelligence, signals intelligence, open-source intelligence, technical intelligence, and counterintelligence.” Scientists have been analyzed some tests that can help measuring intelligence. Tuesday, January 28, 2014.

See: Nelson David Bassey in his new book titled The New Generation of Leadership that he released in August 22, 2013 with his co-authors Dr. 2012.

Students at Dorchester school are all college bound Cristo Rey school builds on success By James Sullivan | Globe Correspondent May 08, 2014. That makes the situation a little more complicated. 05 Sep 2011. “School-Wide Strategies for Managing… <em>Academic Search Complete</em>. That will help a lot.

College students face mental health issues nationwide by Hayley Fowler, Feb 03, 2014. 54% said worries about exams had causes mental distress while a quarter of students said finding a part-time job had caused them anguish. “Students across all races and genders cited many keys to success: building strong personal connections on the campus, being held to high expectations, having instructors who are committed to their achievement, and being intensively engaged in the academic experience, both in and out of the classroom,” according to Katherine Mangan in a report released by the Center for Community College Student Engagement at the University of Texas here. HACKER , College costs rising more rapidly for poorer students, analysis shows, idahostatesman, Nation/World News. All rights reserved, December 09, 2013.

David L. December 1, 2010. 2012. Low-income students taking and passing AP exams are 32% more likely to graduate from college than their matched non-AP peers.” according to Sara Martinez Tucker in the article titled Getting More Low-Income Students into College Isn’t about Money, It’s About the Curriculum, “and memorization and rote learning won’t work any longer. 2012.

McDermott, P., & Rothenberg, J. They fail or drop out because they have financial problems or do not interact that much with their instructors. 15. “LONELINESS: THE ROLE THAT IT PLAYS ON A STUDENT’S ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE.”Tuesday, May 12, 2009. Oct. 17, 2012.

The New Majority US colleges Are Failing Their Biggest Group of Students: Part-timers By Lila Selim, a writer and researcher in New York City, January 29, 2014. There are 115,000 graduates who are janitors,”(Tunney). “Short Term Effects of Bad Eating Habits” by August McLaughlin, Demand Media. June 28, 2014.

Many College Students Fear Going Hungry at Some Point: Survey by Robert Preidt in U.S news and world report, Jan. January 28, 2014.

Heavy Alcohol Consumption Linked With Worsening PTSD Symptoms Among College Students in , 01/17/2014. Retrieved [October 17, 2013] from http://www.edpsycinteractive/files/parinvol.htm.

Caveon, “Cheating Statistics.” Like Gardener, he also believes that traditional intelligence tests only focus one aspect – analytical – and does not address the necessary balance from the other two aspects.” Chohen goes on to indicate that there is another type of intelligence, but it is not a main one but is alternative because the two paramount ones are multiple intelligence and single intelligence. December 10, 2013.

Mental health problems or health problems in general cause many students troubles. October 14, 2014.

Frustration In Teens by R.A. Department of Health and Human Services,Fact Sheet: Education

See: Theravive in Sel-esteem, Hispanic students were 83% more likely to graduate,” according to Sara Martinez Tucker. Studies repeatedly show that performance on intelligence tests is correlated with school achievement (N. Education programs with the GE Foundation. December 31, 2013.

15 Reasons Why You Should Drop Out Of College By Michael Tunney, October 21, 2013. Aug 1, 2010. Adams, Farahnaz Movahedzadeh, Margaret A. 17Oct. Salient: Victoria University Students’ Paper. Student Affairs at Illinois © 2007 by the Board of Trustees of the University of Illinois. As Wayne State University shows in the article titled Why Intelligent Students Sometimes Failed, college students fail sometimes because they have an “inability to apply concepts to different situations.” As a matter of fact, not only can college students fail sometimes because they have this type of inability, but students who lack this type of ability or this type of flexibility can also face another problem. According to Linda Emma ,”UC Berkeley counseling psychologist Rick Low says that burnout is often about imbalance and that signs of it can include ‘fatigue, anxiety, loss of motivation, withdrawal from people, a sense of powerlessness and the feeling of being overwhelmed.’ However, before students reach real burnout, they’re likely to suffer signs of stress — and that’s when they should get help. Alston, Clifford Nowell and Richard M. May 21, 2012.

“Intelligence is a term that is difficult to define, and it can mean many different things to different people. Low self-esteem, large classes, relationship problems, or laziness is negatively affecting many students. 10, 2013. Students may take online classes due to certain circumstances.” ‘Online is not played up in what students see in films and television, where they see a more traditional college campus with faculty and students face-to-face,’” Eagan said. Alston (e-mail: are professors of economics at Weber State University. 19. For cheating to be reduced, instead of seeing cheating as something that can’t be done, they must come to recognize that it should not be done. Sept 20, 2012.

Ashburn, Elyse. The premise is that there is no better way to find out than to ask the students directly if something has helped and encouraged them to learn and succeed or held them back and discouraged them from learning (Bain 2004). On-campus counseling centers are one resource, but students may also consult friends, family and personal physicians for hints on how to handle stress.” Help them find a way to deal with discouragement, obesity, thinking problem, health problems, perfectionism or fear of negative evaluation, lack of cognitive flexibility, language barrier, or laziness. September 2, 2009 by Peter Gray in Freedom to Learn. African-American students in the program were 69% more likely to graduate from a four-year college than African-Americans not participating in the program. 19. Robert Pitcher of the Educational Development Center at the University of Alabama shows. Feb. Malooly at the University of Miami.

See: WILL OKUN, a Chicago school teacher who traveled with Nick Krist of in June to central Africa, on the win-a-trip contest, in the article titled “Parents Who Don’t Parent”, which has published at, June 23, 2008. 09/29/2014. Many college graduates cannot find college level jobs. O’ROURKE. 2012.

8 Big Mistakes Online Students Make By Kim Clark in US News in World Report, March 25, 2010. (2005). October 15, 2013.

Shepherd Hoodwin from Michael On Modes in The Perseverance Mode in White Time Business & Money: Nov. Oct. Ponzetti, Jr. UDC: 159.944.4.072-057.875(497.11)”2011/2012″ DOI: 10.7595/management.fon.2012.0019.October 30, 2013.

Etsaia shows in the article titled “Internet Banging” – Co-opting Social Media for Gang-Related Violent Activities in Michigan Young violence prevention, March 13, 2013. and Gross, B. Mental illness on college campuses has regained national attention after a University of Pennsylvania freshman committed suicide in January after struggling with the stress of classes and playing a varsity sport, her father told reporters,” according to Hayley Fowler in the article titled College Students Face Mental Health Issues Nationwide.

See. December 8, 2013.

Doris M. 2012.

See: The dissertation titled FACULTY AND STUDENT OUT-OF-CLASSROOM INTERACTION: STUDENT PERCEPTIONS OF QUALITY OF INTERACTION by Rosalind Veronica Alderman, Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy in Educational Administration in May 2008. Minority students will benefit disproportionately from such strategies, she said, but they won’t feel embarrassed by participating or feel that they’re being singled out as ‘at risk’,” according to Katherine Mangan in the article titled Minority Male Students Face Challenge to Achieve at Community Colleges in The Chronic of Higher Education. in Raising Readers, Writers, and Spellers, the author of Raising Confident Readers, How to Teach Your Child to Read and Write–from Baby to Age 7, in the article titled A Lack of Parent Engagement Helps Create Failing Schools, July 13, 2011. Most illicit drug use by teenagers holding steady; possible turnaround seen with alcohol by the Institute for Social Research in Urmich.

See: 3 Ways to Avoid the Consequences of Pre-Fall Break Burnout by Luis Ruuska, Editor-at-large, University of Tennessee, Knoxville. 50% said they have had trouble sleeping, 38 % suffered feelings of panic and 14 % had considered self-harming, according to the study. “ND” August 20, 2012.

Cheers! Students who binge drink are happier with university life, claims study,News, by By Agency staff. Volume 42, Number 3. December 31, 2013.

Kidshealth.” What Is Plagerism?” A Review of Literature Pertaining to Student Dropout from Instrumental Music Programs

Brigh Hub. In many ways, college life is representative of reality, and all you’ll learn from leaving is that you quit when things got tough. According to Katherine Mangan in a report released by the Center for Community College Student Engagement at the University of Texas here, “Admissions counselors and professors should focus on students’ assets, not their deficits, said Shaun R. Sep 10 2015.

See. 91% of the 1,200 students said that they had feelings of mental distress, such as feeling down, stressed or demotivated.

See. Petrides, KristelleHudry, Norah Frederickson, and Luke D. With college students, Schunk and Ertmer found that a process goal of learning computer applications led to higher self-efficacy, self-judged learning progress, and strategy use, compared with an outcome goal of performing the applications.” We can find an appropriate way to help many college students to cope or deal with stress, bad or poor study habits, violence, anxiety, hard programs, college cost, lack of confidence, online classes, or loneliness. Young in The Chronicle of Higher Education, March 28, 2010. They used the T test. Web. For example, “At Cal State Long Beach, the percentage of undergraduates receiving federal Pell grants for low-income students increased to nearly 50% last fall, fall 2013, compared to 36% in 2009.

Kanere. Published online 2012 July 15. Miller and Coleen Murray, “The American Association of College and Universities (AAC&U) reports that ‘ 53% of students entering our colleges and universities are academically underprepared, lacking basic skills in at least one of the three basic areas of reading, writing or mathematics’ (Tritelli, 2003).” This statistic seems to demonstrate that most students enter college without some skills, or academic unpreparedness is an issue that exists among college students as Harry H. Martyn, and Jeremy Dunningin the article titled Why Do Students Fail? Faculty’s Perspective in Higher Learning Commission, Collection of Papers 2014). Stress among college students can come from more than one sources. 1, 2006. Why Some College Athletes Do Not Succeed by Dave Galehouse in 8, 2012. Faculties need ongoing advanced training in effective teaching online. 07, 2013

University of Alabama Center for Academic Success. We can try to help students with college costs. October 13, 2013.

Convissor, Kate. October 13, 2013.

Caitlin Lenker and Dan McAndrew The MinstrelThe Procrastination Epidemic: An Investigative Report, “ND”. November 27, 2013.

Dyslexia, Its impact on the Individual, Parents and Society by Lamk Al-Lamkim in NCBI, Sultan Qaboos Univ Med J. Another study shows that sleep strengthens memories so they become clear and resistant to interferences and distractions. Oct. December 07, 2013.

Dr. 39, No. Dangers of Teen Drinking.

Why Students Drop Out: Perceptions of Educators, Parents, and Students by SEDL.

JON MARCUS AND HOLLY K. We have to help the students who come from low-income families. August 06, 2014.

See. Michael Tunney shows that “getting a degree is no longer a ticket to a job with a salary and benefits. Best-Selling Parenting Author in the article titled What Causes Students to Fail or Drop out of College. Student Life, the Independent Newspaper of Washington in St Louis since 1878. Faculty managers need to have more training in academic leadership–especially in this area of persistence in online environments” (Abour H. “Weckmann offered a list of factors that can help increase resilience to depression: having a good social support network from friends, family and church, having regular exercise and a healthful diet, limiting the use of drugs and alcohol or not using at all, having a sense of purpose or helping others through volunteer work or caring for a pet, and maintaining treatment, such as therapy, meditation, medications and lifestyle changes” (Moustafa and Linh Ta). As Robert Morse and Diane Tolis show in the article titled Measuring Colleges’ Success Graduating Higher-Income Students , an analysis shows graduation rates of higher-income students compared with the entire student body in U.S News & World Report, “Measuring the success of college students at lower income levels is one key goal of the president’s proposed new college ratings system, to be developed by the U.S. Spearman coined the term ‘General Intelligence’ or ‘g’ which was based on measure of people’s performance across a variety of mental tests”(Cohen). Understanding Problem Solving and the Common Core State Standards for Mathematics by Luzviminda “Luchie” B. 2011

See. “First-generation college students at a four-year university: background characteristics, reasons for pursuing higher education, and first-year experiences – Statistical Data Included.” Adams, Farahnaz Movahedzadeh, Margaret A. In the near future, he wants to become a CPA. For example, “The National Math and Science Initiative’s College Readiness Program offers students the opportunity to take college-level curriculum and earn college credit. December 30, 2013. December 31, 2013.

See: The Correlation between General Self-Confidence and Academic Achievement in the Oral Presentation Course by Safaa Mohammad Al-Hebaish , Department of Curricula and Teaching Methods, Faculty of education, Taibah University, P.O. “N.D” January 07, 2013.

Messenger, David. 5). However, academic unpreparedness among college students can face them to troubles, which can cause them or society financial deficits. McKinney, and Kristoffer Rhoads and the University of Western Washington.

Day, Emily. Black men are the most engaged in tutoring and orientation sessions but report the least success. Helathnewstrack. . “Cognitive flexibility is defined as the ability to generate and shift response based on the changing demands of different situations,” according to the article titled The Role of Affective Flexibility and Cognitive Flexibility in Effective Antecedent-Focused and Online Reappraisal by Ashley M. In order to do the studies, ShohrehGhorbanshiroudi, JavadKhalatbari, Mohammad Salehi, SonaBahari, Mohammad MojtabaKeikhayfarzaneh survey many students at Islamic Azad University, Sarab branch in the years of 2008 to 2009. 15 June 2012. “The report, ‘Rape and Sexual Assault: A Renewed Call to Action,’ says rape’s prevalence is highest at college, fueled by drinking and drug use that can incapacitate victims. Aykut CEYHAN, and Anadolu University. ‘A somewhat surprising outcome was students’ views of online education, which has been an increasing focus of efforts to save costs.” (Rivera). Intelligence can also be measured by the way that someone performs in school or based on his or her memory. Pia Bhathal in Smoking Can Affect Students’ Judgment, March 9, 2011. Those who do care seek help and ask questions when needed. 2007 July; 4(3): A72. October 17, 2013.

Phelps, Ben. In addition to that relation, students with higher IQ score or with better academic performance can be more intelligent than those with lower IQ score. Richard Gentry, Ph.D. 2012.

Carole Murphy in Use of social media sites linked to lower GPA in statepress, November 30, 2011.December 14, 2013.

Sara Martinez Tucker in Getting More Low-Income Students into College Isn’t about Money, It’s About the Curriculum By Sara Martinez Tucker. King, Phillip K. Web. May 21, 2012.

Hana M. August 20, 2012.

See: College Drinking by National Institute of Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism. Students are also more aware of rising college debt — $1.2 trillion nationally — and are more wary of being saddled with huge loans to repay. Youthvoice. 2012.

Whitmore School of Business and Economics and University of New Hampshire. Pychyl , Fear of Failure in psychology today , February 13, 2009. 2012.

Global Cognition in Why Overconfidence Occurs and How to Overcome it: Sieck, W., Merkle, E., & Van Zandt, T. August 21, 2012.

See: University expels 34 students for cheating By Hala Khalaf in the National.eenews, December 27, 2010. “College Students Eating Habits” by Erika Wilhite in eCorsair.

See. 1, pp. December 10, 2013.

See. October 13, 2014.

Research-Based Test Preparation Instruction Better Test Scores that was conducted by Perfection Learning Corporation. THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN ALCOHOL CONSUMPTION AND ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE: FINDINGS FROM THE 1999 LIFESTYLES SURVEY by Patricia M. ” Causes of Failure in College,” “N.D” Oct. Source: LaBahn, J. “Studies Show People More Stressed as Students than At Other Stage of Life Due to Work, Relationships.”

Educationrealist, ” Homework and Grade.” 2012.

See: Tania Jimenez and Ashley Tatem in their article titled The Relationship between being in a Committed Relationship and Academic Performance in College Females.

MotivotionalWellBeing. January 13, 2012. 36, No 160. Mines in Critical Thinking Among College and Graduate Students ,The Review of Higher Education Winter 1990, Volume 13 No. ‘Tuition has increased particularly at public institutions’” (Rivera). 15. October 14, 2014.

Chase, Peru: Gender discrimination causes young girls to miss school peruthisweek news, October 14, 2013. They have to work in order to provide or to support themselves; as a result, it is often hard for them to work and to study at the same time. IQ level and combined SAT score. Experts say building skills like grit and perseverance will help increase college readiness in the U.S by Celia R. Students can have difficulty in adjusting their own career expectations. According to Marsha A. As an example, according to Oona Goodin-Smith, Oakland University and Daniel Rader, Ohio University of the article titled Students Break the Bank to Buy Their Books, “While Jin ultimately bit the bullet to buy the book, according to the USPIRG, 65% of college students have opted to forgo purchasing class texts ‘because it was too expensive.’ Of these students, 94% had concerns that doing so ‘would hurt their grade in a course.’ The study concludes that the high prices of the books ultimately affect students’ decisions on the number and type of classes they take each semester.” In addition to that, they do not like school. As Hsin-Yi Cohen, BSc, MA, Mst states, “Like the definitions of intelligence, the measurement of intelligence is dogged by controversy and disagreement. J Clin Child Adolesc Psychol. Feb. Also, many of them use social sites or do not manage their time properly or are not that much intelligent. ” Low self-esteem affects college students, ” The University Star. Volume 25–July 1997. “Children’s Perseverance in School Activities” by Evelyn Trimborn, eHow Contributor. “Intelligence is a person’s capacity to acquire knowledge (i.e. June 15, 2014.

See: I Thought I Got an A! Overconfidence across the Economics Curriculum by Clifford Nowell and Richard M. “N.D” December 07, 2013.

Shragge, Rebecca, ” The California Aggie.” 29, No. “Overcoming Laziness.” ” N.D” August 21, 2012.

See. 23 July 2012.

Peter Blizard in Causes Student Failure — Why Do Students Fail University Courses. Feb. “College Dropouts Linked to Preparedness More Than Effort,” College Bound, An exploration of the Issues Affecting Access to Higher Education. ‘Students are approaching their college search with a much more critical eye on how they’re going to fund their education,’ Eagan said. Alchool Alert by National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, Understanding the Impact of Alchool in Human health and Well Being.

See. “n.p.” Feb. A normative goal is relative to the attainments of others, such as being the first one in class to finish an assignment.” Students do not have cognitive flexibility, or they spend less time studying due to the mentality that they understand the quantity of work required because they think that college is like high school as Dr. Womble of the University of North Carolina at Charlotte in IMPACT OF STRESS FACTORS ON COLLEGE STUDENTS ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE. “N.p.” December 9, 2009. Campbell in Lawyer Journal, Masbar.

Feichtinger, Deborah M. 2012.

Rebecca, The California Aggie.” <em> Web. Mines in the article titled Critical Thinking Among College and Graduate Students, “John Dewey (1933) argued that reflective thinking, the careful collection and evaluation of evidence leading to a conclusion, should be a central aim of education”(167-168).

“Data strongly suggest that if you can improve your fluid intelligence by40% or more, the effect will translate directly into higher SAT scores,” according to Treena Rohde and Lee Anne Thompson.

According to the article titled Beyond the Rhetoric Improving College Readiness Through Coherent State Policy in higher, “Lack of readiness for college is a major culprit in low graduation rates, as the majority of students who begin in remedial courses never complete their college degrees.

oct/07_0063.htm.october 19, 2013.

Academic unpreparedness or under-preparedness causes college students troubles. As WILL OKUN stated in the article titled “Parents Who Don’t Parent”, which has published at, “According to the Wall Street Journal, Barack Obama deems ‘parents who do not parent’,one of the most serious challenges facing the country. 2012.

Tristan Watson. Springer publishing company. 30.

ERIC Clearinghouse on Handicapped and Gifted Children (1997), “College Planning for Students with Learning Disabilities.” ID ” Appreciative Advising and First-Generation College Students.” Oct 10, 2014. McClenney said, colleges should extend programs like mandatory study-skills classes, learning communities, and tutoring to all students. ” October 14, 2013.

Adams, Caralee. In short, academic success is not governed by a student’s cognitive abilities alone. Reframing school dropout as a public health issue. The sleep that you miss when you stay up late to study will cause ‘academic problems’ the following day. Baker. 7, 2014.

Richard Millsap in why Do Some Students Succeed And Others Fail to Achieve Desired Class Drades, And Academic Goals & Objectives in S. December 31, 2013.

CLAPS. 2012.

Abour H. Effects of Teenage Drinking in

See: Obama Forming Task Force to Protect College Students from Sex Assaults by THE ASSOCIATED PRESS in daily news, Wednesday January 22, 2014. Wood, and Robert A. Academic Performance and College Dropout: Using Longitudinal Expectations Data to Estimate a Learning Model NBER Working Papers DOI: 10.3386/w18945

“The bulk of attrition comes in engineering and among pre-med majors, who typically leave STEM fields if their hopes for medical school fade. December – 2006. He is currently attending Nova Southestern University, pursuing his doctorate in education management leadership, and he is currently holding teaching position with The School District of Palm Beach County. “Students from a low income household have a harder chance of succeeding in college,” according to Harry Harrison in the article titled Getting Students from Low Income Households into College. This situation is compounded by the fact that some students lack self-responsibility and come to college classes with an attitude that they developed in high school, which means that attending is enough to get a passing grade in a given course. October 14, 2013.

Learning Disabilities,” PS News Hours. “Intelligence tests are one of the most popular types of psychological tests in use today. “N.D” October 30, 2013.

Do Students Really Need Practice Homework? By Alfie Kohn: From Chapter 6 of The Homework Myth (Da Capo Press, 2006) Copyright © 2006 by Alfie Kohn. According to Ethan Yazzie-Mintz in the article titled Students Are Bored, Many Skip School, Lack Adult Support, “Seventy-three percent of students who have considered dropping out said it was because ‘I didn’t like the school.” They get suspended in school, or they lack confidence or have a language barrier. According to UNIVERSITY OF ILLINOIS AT URBANA-CHAMPAIGN in the article titled Loneliness, “Students can deal with loneliness by becoming too quickly and deeply involved with people and activities without evaluating the consequences of their involvement. 15. July 21. Faculty Working Papers from the School of Education.

See: Amy Sterling Casil in What Percentage of College Students Fail Their First Semester? Resources: Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development: Education at a Glance 2012. Based on a series of tests which assess various types of abilities, such a mathematical, spatial, verbal, logic, and memory, the results from such tests done on a group that is representative of the wider popular shows the classic ‘bell-shape’ distribution, meaning that most people are of average intelligence with a few at the extreme ends of the scale…”(Cohen). December 30. (1995). Murray, Carol Mertens, E Richard Dustin of the University of Iowa, “Student Self-Esteem and the School System: Perceptions and Implications” May and June 1996. 17, 2010. October 20, 2013.

David R. in Poor Academic Performance–Why? In ERIC: ND,, February 07, 2014.

Rocheleau, Matt. EBSCO. 24. January 5, 2014.

See: The Causes of Poverty (15): Gender Discrimination in filipspagnoli.wordpress, October 20, 2013.

Why Do College Students Smoke? , Ressources: Resources May16,2013 from

Why Science Majors Change Their Minds (It’s Just So Darn Hard) by CHRISTOPHER DREW in The New York Times, Published: November 4, 2011. February 1, 2014.

Jason Kane. For some students, getting an F in classes is no longer something to be ashamed of but a cool thing that you must experience before leaving college.”They are not that much intelligent. Students have to set goal. 03, 2014.

Myers, Brandi. Cherif, Gerald E. The pace in college is much faster; one test will cover up to four chapters from a book. January 16, 2014.

Why Students Drop Out: Perceptions of Educators, Parents, and Students in SEDL

See Young, Scoot H in “Dealing with Frustration”

See: Maastricht University in fear of failure, “ND” November 14, 2013. ” A new Retention Variable: Hope and First Generation College Students.” Article 11. November 10, 2013.

Lynn O’Shaughnessy, 25 Universities With the Worst Graduation Rates, February 2, 2011, CBSNEWS from the federal education database known as IPEDS