Impulsively Harper is extra beneficial as a result of his teammates are extra proficient. Sure, factor it in a small quantity, however do not dismiss his candidacy because the Nationals are better at speaking about how good they’re at winning m88 games than they’re at actually winning games.

Inform me why it is unlikely the Jets may very well be 10-three coming into the ultimate three video games of the season: an interesting Week 15 Saturday night time recreation at Dallas (with Tony Romo, presumably, again), the Patriots at dwelling two days after Christmas, and a nippy affair at Buffalo three days into 2016. Identical numbers, different crew. Full desktop variations of websites would generally refuse to load in any respect, forcing us to filter cookies and cache earlier than making an attempt a refresh. Peter, you’re the one who is talking about how dominant the Patriots have been in their division. Once I went to the referee after, he mentioned he did not make a name since he couldn’t tell if I was the one who initiated the contact. A couple of years later, I visited a girlfriend who was at College of Kentucky in Lexington. I came upon that Kentucky was a dry state. Pinch to zoom carried out better than we have seen on current handsets, following our fingers actions closely and never as soon as resorting to white house or checkerboarding. Unless I move to a desert island.

Looking wasn’t without its personal share of hiccups. My point is this doesn’t make sense to guage Harper on his workforce’s capacity to win video games. Wishing you all good luck at stopping or simply blocking as I name it as the urge might be there as long as I reside. I could see this being the same explanation in your instance too. I’m not losing as a lot as I was final 12 months and losses are slowly happening. I’m just saying I definitely don’t think about the AFC East race to be wide open, nevertheless it won’t be over but. However the remaining gamers on the ice cannot change till play has resumed. shares closed broadly greater on Friday, with major indexes ending up greater than 1 % on hopes Greece would be capable to safe contemporary funding at an upcoming assembly, which would enable it to avert bankruptcy and remain in the euro zone.

And so, if Harper places up these numbers with the Blue Jays then he is an MVP candidate. You simply need to put things in place to stop you from doing it on a wim. You are countering an argument that I am undecided many individuals are making. It seems to work more often than not. Once I requested for a bloody mary on Sunday morning, I obtained reneged..

NY U.S. As soon as your within the club(http://www.thai-m88.com) tour in for good. Peter drank a pale ale! This was a beer that did not require a fruit or something like a slice of an orange in it to taste good! This is progress!

I suppose there may be one exception. Sadly, I felt the call should have been made, and because of it, our three-zero shutout was ruined.

I’m so sick of this I’ve tired all the things to stop and come to the fact that u cannot. I thought it will have been pretty obvious, but that was the reason. If a participant is injured and goes off the ice and goes on to the dressing room, then certain, the coach can substitute that player. Not many other individuals are claiming the AFC race is over. When we did manage to tug up flash heavy pages, they rendered in about 15 – 20 seconds. I draw out what I need for food and depart my money card at work in my locker

In case you proceed studying my Hubs, I promise to provide you some nice suggestions about the strip because Las Vegas is an amazing place, and it never hurts to have some inside info. No one knows about her and that I really feel this way. we met on a social networking site. Yes sarovai, I do know that it is troublesome for big abdomen folks to stretch like this however it is not unattainable and I have many fats folks stretching out within the parks within the morning hours in my space. I sit at a desk all day so stretching is something i really feel my body wants each day!

Your remark was so powerful for me. Positive, there are journeys to the Grand Canyon and the Hoover Dam, but some of you might wonder what there’s to do after you’ve performed those off-the-strip things. Earlier than he left, he informed me he liked me. I met somebody in a web-based recreation. I really feel so amazed with your entire comments. A smile from ear to ear. Thanks buddies for your appreciation. I actually, actually worth his friendship, and I don’t want to mess all of it up by telling him I like him if he does not really feel the same manner. we each know deep down that it was very tough for it to work between us. One that I won’t categorical here, however will say Its like being a student in faculty who has a crush on a professor I assume, and that’s so far as I am going to go along with that. In a standing place with each ft collectively, slowly and steadily draw down your arms to try to contact the feet while conserving the knees straight. Iv saved this to myself for so long. Lately, he made it clear he needed to spend much less time on the m88 web, and that he was quitting this system we used to speak to one another. I just felt that, I used to be not alone and that there are lots of people like me who are loving/relationship somebody online.

yesterday (three/18/12) he confessed that I.. Wow. I really imagine what you wrote, because I feel the identical means. I need to inform him how i feel however im so scared to get rejected or to stop speaking/messaging him. I’d miss him too much! I think she’s attracted to me, I do not know-clearly that’s the part I hate…But there’s one other dilemma. I used to be the only lady he felt comfortable with.. Love can do all types of things. As i read it i couldnt assist however shed a tear and smile.. These are great ideas. In case you are one of those people who visits Vegas a number of occasions a year, nevertheless, the loopy gambling drunken occasion can change into outdated. No three words but acknowledged, however they’re completely there in my coronary heart. You possibly can go to New York, Paris, and New Orleans in sooner or later, you possibly can carry your drink down the road, and you may meet people from every stroll of life. Her names Helen by the way in which. He was interesting showing me a part of the world i have never seen, making me see issues from one other angle. actualy no one have the kew of happinness ,,,,,each one suppose that he is aware of what he needs from the other individual,& he select some one by himself, however after some time he stated i made a giant mistake,incorrect select!!!!! I shall be graduating faculty in 2weeks, and once I’ve things settled, we’ll plan our long awaited encounter.

Everyone who visits Vegas has that first wonderful journey the place the whole lot is new and exciting. I feel so foolish about the whole thing, like I wanna simply curl up and die. Nobody’s going to know who that is anyway.

I think about him day by day now, but I’ve never instructed him how I feel. That he had a overwhelming need to hug me.. Listed here are, in my opinion, the ten finest attractions off the strip.. wow u guys r additionally in the same fix as i am!! every time i try to motive myself that its absurd but there’s this irresistible draw to him!! making myself want to imagine that it may well actually works out.

Stretching the again is easy and comfy. She lives within the US and I’m from Southeast Asia. I am in love with a man whom i never met. I had to say it. All actions that involve the again should be clean and controlled, in order that they don’t harm. By no means, never, by no means bounce or give a jerk, as this is very harmful for the backbone. At first it was solely fun to chat with somebody who comes from a very different culture. We related by way of the game(http://www.hhht888.com) and I made a Facebook account so we might connect. We’re both eighteen, so we have gone off to different schools.

I misplaced every thing, i family, my love ones, my enterprise. I think coalescing behind one factor may make people happy. Historical info on peanuts is included together with their dietary values.

As a result of, sure Peter, Ellenbogen goes to say the NFL’s existence can be threatened if they do not do extra for the well being and safety of the players. But, then once more, you also must have the help of the (Wolf) administration. I merely don’t imagine Ellenbogen would make it sound like the future of the NFL is in his fingers, because that makes the state of affairs sound dire. This text is sent each morning at 6 a.m. Contact interactivity management. Hormone ranges should be checked by your MD if you are symptomatic. i was residing so good where i informed myself playing is simply an leisure. and contains the morning’s high stories, a full list of obituaries, links to comics and puzzles and the latest information, sports and entertainment headlines. The designer often is the industrial architect creating a brand new faculty or the software program architect creating a brand new simulation.

For bodily keyboard devotees, there’s not much alternative in the smartphone world right now, however BlackBerry does an honest job with the Priv. Simply every little thing. EU diplomats are concerned that Russian military assist for Assad would counter any incentives to think about a political answer in the civil battle.

All of (the proposals) have supporters and detractors. i feel like shit and that i never admire cash. Are you searching for a fish oil supplement but do not know where to begin? Know the benefits of fish oil, the way to search for fish oil quality, the kinds of fish oil, in addition to the very best fish oil manufacturers. This article explains all the various aspects of in dwelling care companies and companies for the elderly. I still gamble as im quite steady. This article accommodates the straightforward recipe for Pure Peanut Butter Pie, which is low calorie. The excessive value will deter fair-climate buyers, but if you cannot stand typing on glass, that is your solely option. The kinds of companies offered by house health care businesses, including PT are listed and the associated fee. i still remember it so clearly. i simply want to make more money to maintain my gambling habits( i used to be at all times telling myself i gamble as a result of i want quick money however until this point im clear that im having playing issues ).

The 2015 British Open major golf event is going down this week from July 16-19, 2015, on the Previous Course at St. The purpose of the designer is to create areas for learning, whether they are in individual, on paper or online. Andrews in Fife, Scotland. This text explains when the hormone alternative, testosterone, is required for males, and it answers the query of what’s low T. Im left with just this buddy whom gave me an area to shelther and food. The NFL disapproves of this.

The Designer – in on-line studying we are likely to assume specifically of the educational designer, however the truth is we see the hand of the designer on every part from wall maps to ebook pages to desks and chairs to classroom paint. (The varied gaming proposals) haven’t been a part of the discussion on budgets. i lost it back in simply 30mins.. Here’s a record of the fun88 betting odds for the golfers to win the 2015 British Open this week.. UFC Executive Vice President and COO Lawrence Epstein told ESPN on Thursday that, with correct regulation, expanded legalized sports activities betting in the U.S. would benefit all sports.

I went to another country the place one og my good friend was there. Group Rules apply to all content material you upload or in any other case undergo this web site(https://www.fun88no1.com). They attend to movement, views, mild, tone and shading. Essentially the most insane half is, i used $800 to gamble obline baccarat and received nearly $180k in 9 hours… He is the co-chair of an NFL Head, Neck and Spine Committee, but he will even pronounce the league DOA if he and the remainder of his committee don’t do extra

While gambling on lotteries and casinos is only legitimate in 46 of the 50 states in the U.S., and sportsbetting (to include betting on horse races) is only legitimate in just about 30 states, many countries in the world recognize gambling on sports as a person’s right nationally and regulate it just as they would m88 betting on the stock market. But for the weary bettor, there are many Sportsbooks that do live up to their promises and don’t want the consumer to be turned away because of inaccurate opinions about the industry. They have headquarters in the United Kingdom and operate from the licensed jurisdiction of Costa Rica.

“Before placing a bet online, there are several things that someone should look for in a sports book,” states Herb Roberts, marketing manager of Betmaker. SAN JOSE, Costa Rica–(BUSINESS WIRE)–March 10, 2004–Betmaker, one of the world’s largest online sportsbooks, proclaims that they are a regular, legitimate business. They pride themselves on providing their customers with the most convenient, user friendly and safe sports betting service available. Also check to see if they have a business license, the jurisdiction they operate in and what their payout policies are.”

Betmaker has been in the Sportsbook business for eight years and has built up a reputation for their excellent customer service that is available 24 hours a day, 7 days a week, generous cash bonuses on deposits, and absolute security and privacy.

As in any industry, there are a few bad seed companies that occasionally hit the headlines by making false promises and hiding from their responsibilities. If a dispute should arise, you want to make sure that you can contact them to resolve the matter. “Always check to see if the company has a toll free number to contact them.

For more information about Betmaker, your number one online sports book destination for online sports betting and casino gambling, visit their Web site at www.betmaker.com or contact them by phone at 1-800-644-6405.

Check around to see how long they have been in business and their reputation on sites such as the Off Shore Gaming Association (https://www.facebook.com/m88.m88a)

I’m not big on betting, but it is entirely possible to bet using your feelings as a judgment call.

By asking yourself the question “how will I feel about this?”, you will always get a perfectly aligned response from your emotional guidance system. All of your thoughts are created from past experiences and so your logical mind is working within your limited belief system.

When you remove the logical mind and really listen to what you’re feeling, you will always have access to the most accurate answer, since your feelings are an indication of what you’re moving towards. Before the game begins I will ask myself…

I’m an avid football (soccer) fan and I always enjoy watching my team play on television. The end result was a draw, 2-2.

If I get a distinct feeling of “positiveness” then the game will be a success and will win.

If I feel pretty bad about the game then it will either be a draw or a loss.

If I feel nothing and am completely neutral, then I don’t make a decision.

Your emotions are always a perfect reflection of what’s coming.. This helps me greatly in my decision making. Your logical mind can only make decisions upon what it already knows. If they feel bad, bad things are coming.

As I was practicing this in a recent match I was watching, I noticed a horrible feeling within me. It felt horrible and was definitely unwanted.

Your emotions are your best method of making accurate decisions. If they feel good, good things are coming. I’ve started practicing using my emotions to determine how the game will end up, before the game has even kicked off.

If you start removing your attention from the logical mind and stop using your mind to make the decisions, then by relying on your emotions, you will very quickly begin to see that your emotions are always a perfect match to what you’re attracting.

By half-time it was 1-1. Second half started and the opposing team took the lead and made it 2-1. “they can’t predict the outcome!”.

Because I watch my team play, I am emotionally attached to the game. So, I knew straight away that my team was going to lose or draw.

How does all of this fit in with betting on events?

If you feel good, you’re attracting good things into your life.

If you feel bad, or neutral, then you’re attracting unwanted things into your life.

“How do I feel about this game?”

It was an uncomfortable game and didn’t bring me any joy. My logical mind started to kick in…

Is it possible to successfully place a bet and win it using the Law of Attraction? I’ve proved it possible.

Simple.

Within each and every one of us is something called an Emotional Guidance System. You may know it with a different name (gut instincts for example), but simply put the emotions that you feel, are always a perfect match to what you are currently attracting.

In the opening 10 minutes, we scored a goal and were 1-0 up. I knew before the game started that it wouldn’t. “your emotions are a load of rubbish!” ..

Otherwise, Australia is the only country that allows online bets on sports but prevents gamblers from using the Internet to place bets during live games.

Gaming Losses Per Adult: $553

The potash-rich province of Saskatchewan is home to the biggest gamblers in Canada. According to business advisory firm MAG Consulenti Associati, the electronic gaming makes up half of Italy’s total gaming revenues in first half of 2011.

Gaming Losses Per Adult: $1,288

Singapore offered the very first casino some years ago which then became the world’s third largest-gaming center after Macau and Las Vegas.

Gaming Losses Per Adult: $517

Finland

Gaming Losses Per Adult: $568

Gaming Losses Per Adult: $553

Gaming Losses Per Adult: $1,174

Las Vegas is well-known as the gambling industry of the world; however, American people are not the biggest gamblers on Earth. H2 Gambling Capital has released the list of biggest gambling countries due to average gaming losses.

Italy

Top Online Gambling Mistakes

Singapore

Gaming Losses Per Adult: $517

Interestingly enough, the country’s national lottery company, Veikkaus, belongs to the government and is operated by the ministry of education. Furthermore, the slot machines named pokies are the most favorite game in Australia with an estimated number of 75-80 percent of problem gamblers. In this country, gaming companies bet people on whether the central bank’s interest will increase or not. Most profits go to education, arts and culture.

Australia is the craziest country when it comes to gaming and gambling. Although the government has imposed an entry fee of S$100 ($80.50) for citizens entering the casino, the country’s gaming revenue is expected to hit $6.4 billion in 2011 and outpace Las Vegas.

Gambling’s Famous Icons

Era of Online Gambling

Gaming Losses Per Adult: $1,288

Canada

Related links:

Australia

Australia: Biggest Gambling Country in the World

Gaming Losses Per Adult: $568

Gaming Losses Per Adult: $1,174. Reportedly, over 75 percent of adult Canadians took part in the games last year in which the most popular games are lotteries and Scratch and Win cards.

The most favorite gambling activity in Italy is electronic gaming machine

“Betting to Win” an outcome event like The Masters is the most common way to wager on individuals competing for a particular non-team title. RJ Bell

©Pregame.com 2006

Website: http://www.Pregame.com

Proposition bets for non-team sports are not limited to “Betting to Win” an event and “Matchup Betting” but those are the primary ways to wager on them.

Betting to Win

Every $400 bet on Serena nets a $100 profit if she wins (plus the return of the $400 risked). The Imperial Palace Casino’s sportsbook is well-known for the enormous number of prop bets offered. The same holds true for major team sports like NFL and college football, NBA and college basketball and MLB baseball. These artificial matchups are also fake in the sense that bookmakers are the ones creating them – solely for betting purposes – and different books will often offer different matchups. So be aware of all your wagering options and don’t miss out on the excitement non-team sports have to offer with prop betting!

What will be the exact margin of victory

Group matchups are another way “matchup betting” is used which is particularly popular in golf and auto racing events like NASCAR, where you can select whether a leading competitor or a few other lesser competitors will finisher higher amongst the group, with the odds again based on money lines. For more information on how this works, be sure to check out How to Read the Money Line. These are not fixed and are adjusted by sportsbooks several times leading up to the event and are sometimes released months before an event.

Betting sides and totals on major sports like baseball, basketball and football are the most common wagers available everywhere. If her opponent pulls off the upset, $100 bet on the underdog would profit $360 (plus the return of the $100 risked).

Furthermore, a tennis match would be considered a tournament-style head-to-head matchup since the competitors involved directly play against each other in the event. A NFL future bet on a team to win the Super Bowl might be 20/1 in the preseason; but by midseason, their odds might decrease to 10/1 if they turn out to be legitimate championship contenders.

The main advantage of futures is that you can get appealing odds by betting far in advance of when the event takes place. Unlike team sports such as football, non-team sports also have multiple events over the course of a year, so “Betting to Win” obviously happens much more frequently than a once a year NFL futures bet on the Super Bowl winner does.

What team will win the coin toss

It is very important to note that not all the competitors in an event may be listed, so another betting option is on the “field” which includes all other competitors not listed.

As you can see, there’s much more to betting than simply totals and sides, especially when it comes to gambling on non-team sports.

What player will score the game’s first touchdown

Before every major event in non-team sports like golf, tennis and auto racing, futures are set by oddsmakers. The odds on a “field” bet are typically comparable to a bet on the favorite in order to protect sportsbooks from taking a big hit if a major upset occurs.

Here’s how the money line would be listed: Serena Williams -400 / #102 Ranked Opponent +360. . The two main ways of wagering on non-team sports are “Betting to Win” an event and “Matchup Betting” which pits an individual against another individual or a group of individuals. In exchange for a lesser payout, field bettors gain the advantages of having more than one entrant that can win for them. However, many sportsbooks also offer proposition bets (or props short) for gambling on non-team sports like golf, tennis, boxing and auto racing – including NASCAR – due to their growing popularity. For example, betting on the 2006 Masters golf tournament now might get you much better value on Tiger Woods, who may be 10/1 at this moment but dip to 6/1 closer to the event if he is on a roll. Since golf and NASCAR both have pre-qualifying, not everybody makes the cut to the final day of competition, and these group matchups require all individuals to qualify in order to be eligible for action.

For non-team sports like golf, boxing, tennis and NASCAR, “Matchup Betting” offers an alternative to simply betting on the event’s winner. Open tennis tournament, a reasonable money line would require Serena bettors to risk $400 to win $100 while a $100 bet on her opponent would win $360. Props, also known as exotic wagers, are also extremely popular on high-profile team sporting events like the Super Bowl in Las Vegas . Other examples of props for non-team sports include what racing team will finish highest in a particular NASCAR race (Chevy, Ford or Dodge) or how many rounds will the fight between Mike Tyson and Kevin McBride last (Over/Under 8.5 rounds). For example, you can bet on:

For example, if Serena Williams faced an overmatched opponent in the U.S. An artificial head-to-head matchup involves competitors in an event like a golf tournament or auto race who are indirectly competing against each other since in reality they are competing against everybody in the field, not just one other competitor. “Matchup Betting” generally involves an individual going up against another individual in a head-to-head event, such as a tennis match, and the odds are determined using the money line.

Matchup Betting

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An example with team sports would be NFL futures, where you often can get much higher odds on a team by betting before the season starts

Harrah’s Rincon Casino follows in the footsteps of the Harrah’s gaming brand. Beyond its top notch gaming, Viejas Entertainment puts on high caliber concerts and the Viejas Outlet shopping center is known for it’s upscale outlet shopping. A new 21-story hotel tower adds to the resort feel and recently was voted as having the Best Rooms, Best Suites, Best Hotel Service and more in 2005 by Casino Player magazine. Amenities include a luxurious spa and a state-of-the-art fitness center. The Showcase Theatre features great shows and concerts. Pala routinely attracts big name entertainment concerts as well.

With literally hundreds of Indian Casinos spread out across the United States, to give you an idea of the level of quality gaming emerging on reservations countrywide, let’s focus in on a few of the top Indian Casinos leading the way. The casino also caters to the trend setting crowd with their new V Lounge bar.

Here’s a quick snapshot of 6 Top Indian Casinos in San Diego:

However, just like in Sin City itself, the quality of Indian Casinos varies dramatically.

3) Harrah’s Rincon Casino

You definitely won’t be let down by any of the Top 6 San Diego Indian Casinos.

2) Viejas Casino . Harrah’s Rincon routinely attracts famous acts to it’s entertainment complex. Indian Casinos all around the country are shattering the notion that Indian Casinos are a less than par alternative when compared to their Las Vegas counterparts.

A good place to start is from an area often considered the Indian Casino capital of California and the location of an extremely competitive Indian Casino market, San Diego, California.

In addition to great gaming, dining and entertainment, Sycuan Resort offers 54 holes of Southern California’s best golf, championship tennis courts, great overnight accommodations and a relaxing atmosphere to enjoy cocktails and fine dining.

You might be surprised…

1) Barona Valley Ranch Resort and Casino

5) Pechanga Resort and Casino

6) Sycuan Resort and Casino

Pala Casino offers award winning gaming, has eight restaurants, a 10,000 square foot day spa, a four-diamond resort with 507 deluxe hotel rooms, including 82 suites, four entertainment venues and an Olympic size pool with 12 cabanas.

4) Pala Casino

Barona offers visitors Vegas style gaming action, combined with unique dining experiences, a luxurious hotel, and world-class golf.

If you are getting the itch to visit Vegas but don’t want to make the trek, you might not have to look much further than your local Indian Casino. A-list performers scheduled regularly in the 1,200- seat Pechanga Theater

Viejas is a well-established and popular Indian casino. This spectacular highly acclaimed ranch-themed resort and casino has earned various awards for its casino and games, as well as for its restaurants and golf club.

As one of the country’s newest resort destinations, Pechanga Resort & Casino, an AAA four-diamond property, offers the best of hotel luxury, Vegas style gaming, entertainment, meeting facilities and seven fine dining choices

Louis. 

Noe’s condition stabilized, but then flared up again in 1975 (coincidentally the same year a strange disorder called “slim disease” was reported in Africa for the first time, the beginnings of epidemic AIDS).  In addition to the respiratory condition and joint pains he developed motor skill problems and dementia before he died. 

In America, the results of further research led to the conclusion that Gaëtan Dugas had not been the true “Patient Zero” after all.

A year earlier, a Portuguese man known only as Senhor José died under mysterious circumstances.  He was treated at the London Hospital for Tropical Diseases to no effect.  In later years, examination of preserved tissues verified he died of AIDS; the causative virus, HIV-2 was present, making him the first known confirmed victim.  Genetic research on the virus indicated he probably contracted the disease in 1966 in Guinea-Bissau (on the northwest coast of Africa).  Three gay men in California and six Haitian immigrants to the United States were later confirmed as AIDS victims from that same year.

The direct lineage of HIV-1 was traced to two groups of mutations that formed in the primates that carried the simian version.  One of the groups was dated to between 1847 and 1907; another subgroup dated to between 1606 and 1871.  HIV-2 made the leap most likely between the date range of 1856 and 1922.  Thus, it can be seen some prototypical version of the AIDS virus can be dated to the early 17th century.

In the end one can see there is no modern-day “Patient Zero”.

Author’s note

Larry Kramer was actively and aggressively involved with what was then known as “gay cancer” in the early 1980s when the disease first made its poisonous presence visibly known in the United States as “gay cancer”. 

The term “velvet rope” came into existence then – a red velvet rope (as one might see in a museum keeping patrons at a safe distance from a particularly priceless exhibit) became the literal and symbolic barrier between the plebes on the street and the hipsters within.  Each night crowds gathered outside Studio 54′s doors; admission was granted whimsically by a group of door men and many times by Steve Rubell himself. 

Molecular research shows the AIDS epidemic of the 1980s stemmed from a viral strain that had entered the US via Haiti about 1966.  Other strains have been isolated as well.  As in cases like Robert Rayford’s, the disease died with him (though he probably infected others, those people likely did not have access to the sheer number of sexual partners that, for example, Gaëtan Dugas had, and died before spreading it much). 

The Greek letter “?” always refers to the end of an event or series, not its beginning.  Dugas was “Patient Zero”, not “Patient ?” – if the intent was to use such a Greek designation, he would have been named “Patient Alpha” (“?” or “?”)  for “the beginning”.  It is known that Dugas from the earliest investigations, based on diagrams the CDC (and others) created interlinking sexual contacts among those diagnosed with or dead from the mystery disease, was referred to from the start as Patient Zero (not Omega or “O”).

False Positive

Tracing backward from Haiti (the source of the US strain in 1966) put the disease firmly in Central Africa.

AIDS in the United States was isolated in pockets of contagion until the promiscuity (homosexual or otherwise) of the 1970s gave the disease a clear path of propagation in humans.  IV drug use, on the rise in the 1970s and early 1980s, also provided another avenue of blood-exchange necessary for the virus to thrive. 

The music was disco, the dance beat adapted from gay men and their party scene.  The mock S&M dance moves, the sweaty bodies, the throb of the music, the drugs consumed, and the fact that not just anyone could get in heightened its allure.

In 1976, a Norwegian sailor, designated with the alias “Arvid Noe”, died; his wife and nine-year-old daughter died the next year of the same wasting disease.  In 1961, the 15-year-old Noe had sailed on his first voyage to Africa.  He worked a merchant vessel that plied along Africa’s west coast from mid-1961 to mid-1962; during this voyage he was treated for gonorrhea.  He sailed again to Africa in 1964, with a port of call in Kenya in eastern Africa.  In 1966, Noe started suffering from chronic joint pain and recurrent lung infections.  By 1968, he could no longer pass a physical to sail, so he worked as a long-haul truck driver. 

Occasionally, medical mysteries initially thought solved are found later to have very different truths at their cores.

He had a chlamydia infection (a bacterial venereal disease), clearly indicating he was sexually active.  His doctors also uncovered evidence of the herpes simplex virus and the virus responsible for Epstein-Barr.  Robert Rayford was not terribly forthcoming with his doctors, partly due to his retardation leaving him mostly uncommunicative, but also because he was embarrassed by something.

In 1979, before Dugas was infected, a bisexual German concert violinist, Herbert Heinrich, died.  In 1989, after testing of medical samples from his body, it was learned he was HIV-positive. 

From a front-line perspective

Gaëtan Dugas died in Quebec City, Quebec, Canada, on March 30, 1984, at the age of 31.  His cause of death was kidney-failure brought on by his weakened condition from an onslaught of infections and ailments from AIDS.

The hedonism of the 1970s raged unchecked, and by the middle of the decade “gay” culture became pop culture.  Gay male partiers in the mid 1970s found an outlet on New York’s Fire Island.  Gay men rented time-share space in houses on the island and partied their summers away “in season”. 

Instead, about the only thing that can be said of HIV is that its “Ground Zero” location was almost certainly Central Africa.  

The Road to Zero

Gay and straight partiers alike finally found their Valhalla, however, in New York City in a crummy little club in the 1970s called Studio 54.  This rat hole was converted into a hot spot known all over the world.  Celebrities fell all over themselves to get in and be seen there.  Its allure was its faux air of exclusivity.  No club before or since carried the cachet of Studio 54.  Co-founded and owned by a cabaret-style, (almost a caricature) flamboyantly gay man, Steve Rubell, and a straight-laced heterosexual lawyer, this kitschy club defined hipsters in the Seventies. 

Homophobia was so great by the late 1950s almost no airlines in the United States would hire men as flight attendants – even Eastern and Pan Am stopped hiring stewards.  Stewardesses, however, were very desirable.  They were marketed as young, beautiful, and sexually available–this was hardly an acceptable career choice for any he-man.  In the same way that the sexual orientation of male nurses was suspect, only “pansies” wanted to be stewards.

Less Than Zero

And the real Patient Zero – the HIV-Adam or HIV-Eve – lived and most likely died there, somewhere in the Congo, unknown and unrecognized for the catastrophic role he or she would play in human history. 

Gateway to the West

Dating America’s exposure to AIDS is irrelevant: AIDS is a global problem.  And continuing research has led to many more interesting facts about the spread of HIV.

Good investigative work requires dogged determination.  Running an enigma to ground can take years. 

Concern for dying gay men was not paramount on America’s mind.  As more cases of the mysterious killer emerged, the name was changed from “gay cancer” to “gay-related immune deficiency” (GRID).  This, at least, was an open recognition that whatever was causing the disease was compromising a body’s immune system.  It didn’t explain, however, the rather esoteric choice of gay men (and soon discovered, IV drug users) by an unintelligent, non-sentient pathogen as victims.  It wasn’t until the first heterosexual cases of “gay cancer” emerged that the disease was examined more closely.

Current scientific research is clear: sometime in the 1930s, a simian form of immunodeficiency virus mutated sufficiently and made the leap across species to become a contagious disease of people. 

Certainly, the African-American teenager Robert Rayford (who had never been outside the city of his birth) was not Patient Zero, either – somebody had to give it to him in the first place.

Running Dugas to ground, however, was pointless.  At the time, there were no criminal laws penalizing the willful spread of a known fatal disease (since then, law changes allow charges of attempted and pre-meditated murder to be brought in many states against anyone who is HIV-positive purposefully engaging in unprotected sexual intercourse with an unwitting partner).

On October 31, 1980 – ominously enough, Halloween night – the French-Canadian gay male steward Gaëtan Dugas visited a gay bathhouse for the first time on a layover in New York City.

As further incentive to not hire men as flight attendants, the death of a gay steward in 1954 became a scandal sufficiently great to lead to a rash of “fag bashings” (both gay men and lesbians were targeted) in Miami, Florida.  It was one of the nation’s worst anti-gay outbreaks in history. 

Gaëtan Dugas, the narcissistic and embittered flight attendant, alternately feeling morose and spiteful about his condition, was given the code name “Patient Zero”, the source of the AIDS epidemic in North America. 

Mr. Louis, Missouri.  His mother’s name was Constance Rayford, and he had a brother named George.  Rayford was described as slender.  His retardation left him relatively uncommunicative from shyness. 

A strange disease lurked among the gay denizens and creepers of the bath houses, though.  Men began dying of pneumonia and other respiratory illnesses, but only after drastically losing weight and developing horrific skin lesions on their faces, necks, backs, and chests.  This disease became known in the gay community as “gay cancer”.  It was particularly volatile, and it progressed rapidly.  Dugas caught it early, possibly with his first encounter in the New York gay bathhouse on Halloween 1980.

Both his wife and daughter developed an illness that mimicked his symptoms, and they died in 1977. Louis City Hospital, then transferred to Barnes Hospital (now Barnes-Jewish Hospital) in St. . It existed as “slim disease”; the condition was universally ignored though many Africans died after mysteriously wasting away.  In 1959, about the time the Manhattan Jamaican shipping clerk died of his rare pneumonia, a blood sample from a Congolese man was taken and preserved.  Years later, this proved to be HIV-infected.  This Congolese man’s fate is unknown (whether he developed full-blown AIDS and died from it or not).  Similarly, a preserved lymph-node biopsy specimen taken from a Congolese woman in 1960 later proved to be HIV-positive.

Dugas remained unrepentant.  He originally denied that whatever disease it was he had could be transmitted sexually.  His own words on the subject: “Of course I’m going to have sex.  Nobody’s proven to me that you can spread cancer.”  His depraved indifference to his sexual partners’ well-being was summarized with “It’s their duty to protect themselves.  They know what’s going on out there.  They’ve heard about this disease.”  The last element of his bitterness was voiced by his wish to take others with him: “I’ve got gay cancer.  I’m going to die and so are you.” 

Air Canada

Years later, once medical science, and particularly genetics testing, had reached a greater level of technological advance, a revision of the “Patient Zero” findings of 1984 seemed necessary.  What was learned by later research was both fascinating and horrific simultaneously.  It turned out, HIV had not only been in the world for over a century, but it had been in the United States as early as 1966. 

Omega Man

By April of 1982, 248 cases of the disease were reported nationwide with many others too afraid or indifferent to see a doctor.  A virus was isolated in 1983 by French scientists (as Europeans were also recognizing and treating patients with “gay cancer”, many of whom were decidedly not gay). 

Dugas may have personally, and directly, been responsible for dozens of AIDS cases (and no telling how many more indirectly), but he did not bring AIDS to the US, nor was he the first confirmed AIDS victim.  As noted, several California men and some Haitian immigrants were found later to have succumbed to the disease before Dugas.

Gay men realized the danger.  Many made the intuitive leap early that perhaps certain activities, such as anal intercourse, might be transmitting the causative agent.  Others flatly refused to believe that their lifestyles might be endangering the health of themselves and of others.  They felt it was a perceived backlash against gay men.  Higher-profile gay men (many closeted during their lifetimes) and activists within the gay community began dying as well as underground sub-culture members (the “Crisco, leather, and fisting” set).

His first months in the hospital were spent with his doctors cutting back on his water and salt intake, and they wrapped and raised his legs, all to cut down on his tissue’s swelling.  Despite this, the inflammation moved up his body and into his lungs.  Antibiotics were tried in varying dosages, but Rayford’s condition continued to deteriorate. 

There is an apocryphal story that Patient Zero was really Patient “O” (as in the 15th letter of the English alphabet, first letter of the word “Omega” for the last letter of the Greek alphabet, ?).  Furthermore, it was alleged that a journalist misinterpreted the “O” (for “?”), and instead wrote up his report, referring to the AIDS’ source as “Patient 0″ ["zero"] instead.

First denying he was sick, he later willfully and maliciously spread the disease to unsuspecting partners.  After having casual sex in a darkened room once, a male interviewee later reported he had turned on a light in the room where Dugas lay naked on a bed.  This man spotted the lesions (Kaposi’s sarcoma) that were the classic earmarks of “gay cancer” on Dugas’ chest.  When he remarked upon it, Dugas replied sardonically, “It’s gay cancer.  Maybe you’ll get it.”

One such mystery concerned the AIDS epidemic in America.  As long as the killer remained comfortably within the gay community not much was done to investigate.  As soon as AIDS found its way into the heterosexual population, though, suddenly America’s interest in ferreting out the cause was paramount.  Panic stricken virologists and other epidemiologists worked feverishly to isolate the source of this sexually transmitted disease first endemic among homosexual men. 

Grethe Rask was a Danish surgeon who had traveled to Zaire in 1972 to lend medical aid for the sick there.  She returned to Denmark in 1976 and became relentlessly ill.  Her symptoms confounded her colleagues.  She died in December 1977.  Several years later in 1984, it was confirmed through testing she was HIV-positive.  During her time in Zaire, it was known she was directly exposed to blood – it is believed this was the source of her infection.

Thus, by the late 1940s male flight attendants were not only undesirable, they were suspect as well.  Occupying a job with women that devoted itself to customer service, good manners, and fine grooming, the stewards garnered suspicions of being “queer”.

The commercial airlines recognized the goldmine presented by hiring female “stewardesses”.  Certainly, they were paid less.  There was also marketability in women that men did not have – women could be hawked by an airline as possible sex partners for the discriminating male traveler choosing its service over another.

Ground Zero

Before Robert Rayford in the US, there was a possible case found in a dead Jamaican native named Ardouin Antonio.  He came to the US in 1927.  He was working as a shipping clerk for a clothier when he died at age 49 on June 28, 1959, in Manhattan.  He had developed a very rare kind of pneumonia, seemingly out of the blue.  Decades later the doctor who had performed Antonio’s autopsy was asked to re-evaluate the case.  Did he think Antonio possibly died of AIDS?  “You bet . Memory Elvin-Lewis was kind enough to respond to this piece in person.

He started out as a hairdresser.  Wanting to travel, this French-speaking Canadian learned that flight attendants for Air Canada had to be bi-lingual.  He moved to Vancouver and learned English to qualify for the job.  He found work as a flight attendant on Air Canada.  This career choice allowed him the freedom to move around the world, visiting exotic locales, and meeting many strange men for anonymous sexual encounters.  In 1977, he was legally married in Los Angeles, California, in an illegal attempt to gain United States citizenship.

For one gay man, however, being a steward was all he’d needed to satisfy both his wanderlust and his physical lust. 

AIDS now had a face.

Rayford lived in a brownstone in a poor neighborhood in St. It was so unusual at the time . . Memory Elvin-Lewis, thank you so much for not only your contributions to science but to my humble efforts at disseminating it for general readership.  I truly appreciate it.

He wrote myriad articles on the subject and penned a stage play, “A Normal Heart”, that did well.  In May 2014, this stage play was brought to the small screen.  It was presented as a movie on HBO starring Jim Parsons (of “Big Bang Theory” TV fame).  The story documented the earliest days of the AIDS epidemic in America told from the perspective of the New York City/Fire Island cohort.  It is engaging: it is what TV can do (but usually fails to do except in rare cases like this one).

Of a most enlightening nature was Rayford’s adamant refusal of any rectal exams.  It seemed that he may have been exposed to homosexual activity (assuming the submissive role in anal intercourse).  One of his attending physicians believed that he had been a victim of sexual abuse (a very likely scenario considering Rayford’s socio-economic background).  He could also have been “pimped out” against his will by someone who procured males to engage with him.  To date, this aspect of his life is unclear.

Diverting conversations occurred between Rayford and his primary care givers when questioned about his sexual activities.  His doctors had not considered homosexuality initially, and all conversations, such as they were, seemed to be taken as referring to female sexual contacts.

This good person also kindly corrected some of the misinformation about Rayford via a personal e-mail and was also kind enough to forward professional papers on the subject.  One such paper, in Lymphology from 1973, gives, perhaps, the best clinical synopsis of the case.  Another article, entitled Documentation of an AIDS Virus Infection in the United States in 1968 (by the same doctor and others), is also a “must read” for anyone interested in the earlier origins of AIDS in America. 

This doctor handled, and talked with (though reported as largely uncommunicative), Robert Rayford personally for a period during Rayford’s confinement, and also attended Rayford’s autopsy, confirming the KS diagnosis and noting the preservation of tissue samples that later were shown to carry the variant of the HIV-1 virus.

The disease it spawned was rechristened, in light of its indiscriminate virology, to Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome or AIDS.  That same year that 248 cases of the disease were reported, local health departments in conjunction with the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) in Atlanta began investigating.

Of the 248 cases known before the detection of the virus, interviewing led to the shocking revelation that at least 40 AIDS victims had one thing in common: all had either had sex with a certain male, blond, gregarious Air Canada flight attendant, or they had sex with someone who did.  This networking connection was made in 1984, and it was critical – it meant medical and public health officials investigating the source of AIDS might have finally gotten the breakthrough they needed. 

As early as his 13th year or sooner, he was sexually active.  Beginning in 1966, he started having some physical problems that seemed chronic.  His legs swelled, and he developed sores on his genitals and body. 

This virus, after much international wrangling for recognition of discovery (with a particularly aggressive and bombastic US virologist lobbying for a claim that he had found it first–he did not) was later named Human Immunodeficiency Virus or HIV. 

Meanwhile, as a symbolic sign of the coming Armageddon, Studio 54 was forced to close its doors for liquor license violations and tax evasion; entrepreneurs Steve Rubell and his business partner were sentenced to short terms of imprisonment.  [Rubell later died of AIDS.]

The discrimination in the labor market meant the United States Supreme Court had to step in and force airlines to hire male flight attendants.  This happened in 1971 after nearly 20 years of female-dominated service.  Even then, the Court’s decision forcing US airlines to hire men was greeted with derision in the press.  It also raised homophobic fears of placing men in such a servile and sexualized role. Kramer was a writer in New York and a part of the gay culture.  He, however, decided that merely watching his friends die quietly wasn’t enough. 

Because of the baffling nature of his case, doctors preserved several tissue and blood samples for later evaluation.  In 1987, eighteen years after his death, molecular biologists at New Orleans’ Tulane University tested specimens of Rayford’s preserved blood and tissues.  Their findings were stunning: a virus “closely related or identical to” HIV-1 was detected.  Further confirmation testing in 1989  proved Robert Rayford (African-American teenage male of St. 1952-1953).

In his wake, one of the unfortunate legacies he left was a renewed homophobia relative to male flight attendants.  They became a lightning rod for America’s fear and anger over AIDS and its links with homosexuality.  “Patient Zero”, Gaëtan Dugas, was reviled; in death he was even accused of bringing HIV to North America and spreading it around the country.

“I’m Candy – Fly Me!”

He was admitted with multiple, and strange, symptoms (given his tender age). Louis, Missouri) was the earliest confirmed victim of AIDS in North America.

Without a precise diagnosis, Rayford’s cause of death was attributed to the catch-all vagary “loss of vitality”.  Intractable fluid imbalance and lung disease were listed as contributors.  An autopsy revealed a surprise – his body carried a very rare cancer called Kaposi’s sarcoma internally (though he had but one external lesion on his right thigh).  [Today, this cancer and its lesions are bellwethers of AIDS.] 

The airline industry developed glamour.  The titillation of a sexy stewardess in uniform, pandering to any business traveler’s ego, was priceless.  These were women without boundaries, women who went anywhere, anytime.  Therefore, they must be promiscuous.  The unspoken possibility of sex with a globe-trotting gal was also alluring.  Married women were aggressively discouraged from working as stewardesses.  The single women, all within a certain preferred range of body type, height, and attractiveness, were wanton women (in the minds of the average male of the day).  Although morbid obesity was not the problem in the 1940s it is today, there were no “big girls” on board.

The music scene was fueled by this gay celebration, none more blatantly than by a vocal group of disco hustlers calling themselves “The Village People”.  They dressed in favorite and stereotypical gay icon costumes – a policeman, a construction worker, a cowboy, a gay biker, and a Native American.  They were hugely successful for a short time with big sellers “In the Navy” and “YMCA”.  More subtly, Donna Summer performed her brand of dance music that was embraced by the gay community as was she.

Dr.   The swelling in his legs was bothersome, his genitals and legs were covered in scrofulous skin, and his testicles were severely swollen.  He was also emaciated (having lost much weight suddenly), and even though he was an African-American male he was considered “pale”.  He also had shortness of breath.  His symptoms led his caregivers at Barnes Hospital to conclude that one of his problems was lymphedema (a swelling caused by lymphatic problems).  This was only a tiny part of his health issues, however.

But, it doesn’t end there. 

There is an interesting correlation between homosexuality and the airline industry.  At least, there is a publicly perceived correlation as it pertains to airline flight attendants.

This makes little sense. 

In conjunction with Studio 54, other bars for gay men to frequent thrived.  Another meeting place was the bath houses still found in many larger cities.  Once serving the utilitarian function for neighborhood residents to bathe (considering most homes up until the late 1920s did not have indoor plumbing) these quaint reminders of The Good Old Days were social gathering places for gay men.  They were prevalent in New York City and in San Francisco.  [Bette Midler, a great favorite among gay men, got her start singing in gay bath houses; her piano player in those days was songwriter/musician Barry Manilow).

. many cases of AIDS have been autopsied that we didn’t even know had AIDS.”

Gaëtan Dugas was a French-Canadian born February 20, 1953.  His life was on a collision course with history.  In 1972, Dugas first became sexually active.  [He would later claim he had over 2,500 sexual partners in his lifetime, whether all male is unknown.  He may have been bisexual.] 

Certainly it was not Gaëtan Dugas (though, like Typhoid Mary over half a century before him, many deaths could be placed squarely on his doorstep). 

The very first air flight attendants (in the 1920s) were men.  These positions were desirable; the men who did these jobs executed their duties more like up-scale, futuristic train porters and ship stewards than as menials.  As with many professions in that era (especially in service jobs such as telephone operators, bank tellers, et al) the sky porters known as “stewards” were exclusively male.  World War I saw the shift from male to female telephone operators and bank tellers; with a dearth of male workers during World War II, employers turned to the fairer sex to fill their employment needs in the airline industry, too. 

Update note:Dr. Memory Elvin Lewis

Dr. Somewhere, there was a Patient Zero, the epidemiological well-spring from which this plague spewed forth.

The criteria for entry were pure sadism: one night only women might be allowed in; other times, a sloppily dressed man might be sent away while another, looking exactly like that man but “famous”, would be let in.  Gay-themed parties were held there often, and casual sex in the bathrooms and the “exclusive” privacy lounge was common among attendees.

Almost any medical professional worth his or her license, whenever a patient dies of a strange ailment, takes the precaution of preserving tissue and blood samples for future research.  It is extremely fortunate that some doctors going all the way back to the late 1950s had been so far-sighted.  Working backward and re-examining suspicious or otherwise unresolved deaths from contagion globally proved enriching in piecing together the history of AIDS. 

Gaëtan Dugas fit right in with the gay community of the bath houses.  He was blond, voluble, and open.  Sex for him was a series of anonymous engagements, many times conducted hastily in bathroom stalls.  He took on whatever he felt like.  As well as many other men, he was developing what would become known as “The Clone Look”: close-cropped hair, largish but well-groomed mustache, muscle shirts, short shorts.  [The quintessential version of "The Clone Look" would be Freddie Mercury (rock band Queen's lead vocalist who died of AIDS) after about 1981.] 

_Castlewellan

He led doctors to believe any of his sexual activities were strictly heterosexual, even claiming at one point to having a girlfriend (who failed to surface at the time).  [This female was found some time later and was found to be in perfect health, relative to HIV and AIDS, from which one can only surmise she and Rayford had no intimate sexual intercourse or such activities were rare enough she was not exposed to critical levels by whatever ailed him.]

Finally, in 1968, the boy was admitted to St.  

The teen seemed stabilized by late 1968 (when he was around 15 years old).  He had been transferred to Deaconess Hospital by then, and in March 1969, however, all of his symptoms reappeared and rapidly worsened.  His breathing labored; his white blood cell count (as part of routine blood work) was noted to have dropped dramatically.  The only thing concurred at the time was that Rayford’s immune system had been somehow compromised.  He developed a fever and died either in the late hours of May 15, 1969, or the early hours of May 16 (sources differ).  His primary physician recalled, “Eventually his entire body constituted almost one wave of hard lumps and watery swellings.”

Anal scarring also indicated repeated sexual penetration.

Dugas, meanwhile, knew he was sick.  He didn’t know exactly what was wrong, but he had developed the skin lesions, associated with “gay cancer”.  But one can’t spread cancer, of course, because cancer isn’t contagious.  He indiscriminately continued having sex with men as his whims overtook him.  His “advantage” was his mobility – as a flight attendant, he might be in any part of the US, Canada, or the world on a moment’s notice.  His bitterness about having gay cancer crossed over into his lackadaisical attitude about possibly harming others.

The End of Days was seemingly at hand.

AIDS is what defined the decade of the 1980s, a decade that lived in fear beneath the penumbra of a certain and tortuous death from a highly communicable pathogen. . Doctors, helpless to find the cause of death for the Noe family, preserved some tissue samples.  In 1988, further testing showed Noe, his wife, and his daughter had all been HIV-positive

By the 1950s, this homophobia was rampant, and in the conservative times of Eisenhower and McCarthyism, men were slowly pushed out of the steward jobs.

***

The dubious distinction of being America’s “Patient Zero” – the first documented and verifiable case of AIDS in the country – belongs not to Dugas but to a mildly mentally retarded black teenager named Robert Rayford (born ca.

Let me let you in on a little secret about these “magic formulas”. One of the few anomalies turned up by Michael Nunamaker in his pioneering computer study “Modern Impact Values”, published in 1994, was that horses breaking from the inside post position in route races won more than their fair share of races, and were under-bet by the public. My own studies have shown a similar advantage for the inside post in routes.

Second, the very nature of the parimutuel system itself means that any profits to be made from following a particular set of rules will quickly be arbitraged away as the followers of that system drive down the odds of horses chosen by the system.

Horse Racing System #4 – Bet low-priced favorites to place. My study suggests that’s not the case.

Looking for a dead simple horse racing system that will allow you to quit your job and make a living betting the horses in just 10 minutes a day? Good luck with that!

How do we identify the best pedigree, then? If you’re using the DRF past performances, use the stud fee as a proxy for quality, and the Tomlinson figure to judge suitability for the distance and surface. To the extent that most handicappers use pedigree at all, it’s usually to identify horses that may improve when switched to the turf, or those who may be expected to win as first time starters. Because speed figures have gained in popularity over the years, anyone following that system now would have trouble coming up with gas money for the ride home from the track.

First time starters return only about 60 cents on the dollar, and second time starters are only a little better, returning less than 70 cents on the dollar. None of them work.

In the first place, the parimutuel takeout in horse racing is large (over 15%) and the mutuel pools are relatively efficient, so that even systems with a strong basis in reality can’t overcome the size of the takeout.

Horse Racing System #2 – Bet horses that have an excuse for a poor performance in their last race. The inside post in turf routes actually showed a small profit, but this was based on a small sample size and cannot be relied upon. This is another mistake that bettors make: in a race with a clear standout, many people give up on the win pool and bet their choice to place, thinking that they’ll get paid even if the favorite wins.

Horse Racing System #5 – Bet Horses breaking from the inside post in route races. Just don’t expect to quit your day job.

Look for comment lines like “bled”, “lost rider”, “clipped heels”, “stumbled”, “steadied”, “between horses”, “rank”, and “jumped shadows” that suggest that a horse’s last race was not indicative of its true ability. Most people who love horse racing would be thrilled just to win a little more and lose a little less on their trips to the track.

This causes the favorite to be under bet in the place pool, leading to a profit opportunity for us to take advantage of by betting the favorite to place. My computer studies of pedigree, based on nearly 100,000 races, suggest that using pedigree in that manner offers no advantage to the player.

In fact, pedigree does not generally offer wager value with one curious exception: well bred horses do surprisingly well in maiden claiming races. This system takes advantage of one of the few glaring inefficiencies in the parimutuel pools, namely that first and second time starters are badly over-bet.

For as long as humans have bet on horse racing there have been system sellers trying to con the gullible into parting with their hard earned money with the lure of easy profits to be made on the sport of kings. This offers opportunity to more diligent players.

None of these systems will make you rich, or even guarantee that you will make a profit. I’ve identified some of the most useful handicapping factors that have a proven history of doing much better than the track takeout and put them together with some simple rules that should make your trips to the racetrack more fun and profitable. In that spirit. The horse with the best combination of the two is the play.

However, just because systems won’t make you rich doesn’t mean there’s no place for them at all in a horseplayer’s arsenal. Few bother to even look at the comment line for the race, let alone take the trouble to seek out and watch the replay of the race. The inside post combined with early speed is a particularly potent combination, since the horse will not have to exert himself as much to gain his preferred position at the front of the pack.

. In most case the public seems to take a horse’s last running line at face value. They will, however increase the chances of a profitable day at the races by ensuring that your wager dollars go where they have the best chance of success. This is somewhat counter-intuitive since you’d expect that horses with good pedigrees that end up in the maiden claiming ranks probably can’t run at all. If the tote board suggests that the public is overlooking these mitigating circumstances, make your play.

Nunamaker reported that the inside post in dirt route races won at a 20% greater than expected rate, and lost only 10 cents on the dollar, much better than the track take. Thanks for reading, and see you in the winner’s circle.

Horse Racing System #3 – In maiden claiming races, bet the horse with the best pedigree. With the BRIS pp’s you can use the Sire Production Factor in concert with the pedigree rating. I was able to replicate this result in my own study of nearly 100,000 races conducted a decade later.

For instance, many speed figure handicappers reported making horse racing profits in the 60′s and 70′s simply by betting horses with the best last race speed figure. It must follow, therefore, that if we bet the best horse that has started at least twice, we stand an excellent chance of beating the takeout, particularly in races that have several first and second time starters.

Horse Racing System #1 – In maiden races, bet the horse with the best last race speed figure that has had at least two career starts. It should go without saying that you should actually like the favorite’s chances after evaluating the race with your own handicapping.

The horse with the best last race speed figure (whether Beyer, BRIS, or Equibase) may not be the best horse in the race, but he’s probably not far off, so we can use that as a proxy for selection purposes.

Instead of blindly betting all horses breaking from the inside, you might use this to supplement your handicapping, paying particular attention to the inside horse, and betting it when you like the horse on other handicapping grounds

If you’ve heard of Las Vegas, then I’d bet you’ve heard of the strip. What is the strip? It’s about a 4 mile stretch of a street on Las Vegas Boulevard South. Some casinos use 8 decks and a shuffling machine to increase the house odds (or casino’s odds) and to make card counting almost impossible. Other Las Vegas casinos play with just one deck with small bets to attract players. Many tourists never leave it during their stay.

The odds in blackjack vary as much by casino as they do by table. Depending on how much money you play with, you can earn quite a bit of complimentary gifts and discounts at restaurants, stores and theatres.. This means if you hit a blackjack and your bet is $10 you’ll be paid $15 at a table with a 3:2 payout, but you’d win just $12 at a 6:5 paying table.

Player’s cards are cards offered at many casinos to gamblers who want to earn perks when they play. With small decks, you’ll probably be seeing the better odds of 3:2, more and more, you’ll start to see rates of 6:5. It has one of the highest concentrations of quality casinos and entertainment in the city

Baddeley missed the cut at Houston two weeks ago in his last start. Tony Finau won for the first time on tour on March 27, 2016 at the Puerto Rico Open, an alternate PGA Tour event. Fitzpatrick has a lot of talent and he won his first pro tournament last October at the 2015 British Masters on the European Tour. Weekley also won at Colonial in 2013 for three career PGA Tour wins. Brandt Snedeker – 20 to 1

Boo Weekley – 140 to 1 odds

Notables

After a 10th place tie in the Masters last week, Jason Day is still ranked as the #1 golfer in the world and he’s the fairly heavy favorite to win the 2016 RBC Heritage at betting odds of 5.5 to 1. Then a number of notable golfers are also listed with comments who have much higher odds this week to win the 2016 RBC Heritage.

1. Davis tied for 42nd last week at the Masters. Kevin Kisner – 25 to 1

Bryson DeChambeau – 66 to 1 odds

T-10. Bill Haas, Justin Thomas – 33 to 1 odds each

Aaron Baddeley – 140 to 1 odds

Justin Leonard – 175 to 1 odds

2. Charley Hoffman tied for 29th at the Masters last week. Kuchar has seven PGA Tour wins but his last win was in the RBC Heritage in 2014. He’s 44 years old and he has six wins on the PGA Tour with his last win coming in 2009 at The British Open for his only career major.

Brandt Snedeker tied with Jason Day last week in 10th place at the Masters. He has 21 PGA Tour wins including a shocker last year at the 2015 Wyndham Championship at age 51.

3. He has 12 PGA Tour wins.

T-13. Matt Kuchar, Zach Johnson – 22 to 1 odds each

Aaron Baddeley won the RBC Heritage in 2006. Snedeker also won this tournament in 2011.

Justin Leonard won this tournament in 2002. Boo made the cut in his last two tournaments but he was no threat to win either time.

Brian Gay won this tournament in 2009. The big news for the 2016 RBC Heritage is that Jason Day is in the field and he is easily the highest ranked golfer here this week.

7. He’s 32 years old and his only PGA Tour win came last November in the RSM Classic. That was the last of his five PGA Tour wins. Haas has six PGA Tour wins with his last win coming in January of 2015. After being the low amateur at the Masters and tying for 21st place overall, Bryson DeChambeau is turning pro for the 2016 RBC Heritage.Not many golfers win their pro debuts and this guy should be higher than 66 to 1 odds this week.

4. Jason Day – 5.5 to 1 odds

6. He missed the cut last week as did Jason Dufner. Matthew Fitzpatrick – 30 to 1. Justin Thomas tied for 39th at the Masters. Pettersson has missed the cut in his last two PGA tournaments.

Kevin Na has now played in 312 PGA events and he only has one win. If Jason Day falters this week this kid could win.

Davis Love III – 250 to 1 odds

Listed below are all the PGA golfers with odds of 50 to 1 or less with comments. Branden Grace missed the cut at the Masters last week but the 27 year old has seven European Tour wins including the 2016 Qatar Masters in January. Paul Casey – 16 to 1

Bill Haas tied for 24th last week at the Masters. Billy Horschel, Branden Grace, Kevin Na – 40 to 1 odds each

Stewart Cink – 150 to 1 odds

Matt Kuchar tied for 24th at the Masters. The rest of these golfers at 50 to 1 odds each did not play last week in the major.

T-8. Billy Horschel tied for 17th at the Masters last week which is not bad but Horschel only has three tour wins and his last win was at the Tour Championship in 2014.

The 2016 RBC Heritage golf tournament on the PGA Tour is taking place this week from April 14-17, 2016, at the Harbor Town Golf Links at the Sea Pines Resort on Hilton Head Island, South Carolina. Justin Leonard is 43 years old and he has 12 PGA Tour wins but his last win was in 2008.

Good luck to all the PGA golfers and especially the bettors this week at the 2016 RBC Heritage!

Boo Weekley won the RBC Heritage in back-to-back years in 2007 and 2008. He’s a tough bet here at only 25 to 1 odds.

Carl Pettersson from Sweden won the RBC Heritage in 2012. Charles Howell has two wins on tour in 463 starts. He does have 13 European Tour wins but his last win was in 2014.

Young 21 year old Matthew Fitzpatrick from England tied for 7th at the Masters earning himself a return trip next year. He’s got three PGA Tour wins but his last win was in 2011.

Paul Casey tied for 4th at Augusta last week and now he’s the second choice in the betting odds to win this week at 16 to 1. Thomas is 22 years old and he won for the first time on tour last November in the 2015 CIMB Classic.

Stewart Cink has wins in this tournament in both 2000 and 2004. Davis Love III (1987, 1991, 1992, 1998, 2003) holds the record for most wins in the tournament with five followed by Hale Irwin (1971, 1973, 1994) with three wins. In his last start, Brian missed the cut at the Valspar Championship over a month ago.

Kevin Kisner tied for 37th place at the Masters last week. He has four career PGA Tour wins but his last win was in 2013. Prior to The Masters, Jason Day won the Arnold Palmer and the WGC Match play in back-to-back weeks but he took a week off before the Masters. Zach Johnson has not won since capturing his second major at the 2015 British Open last July. Jason Dufner, Charles Howell, Charley Hoffman, Tony Finau, Luke Donald, Graeme McDowell – 50 to 1 odds each

The RBC Heritage golf tournament dates back to 1969 when Arnold Palmer won the inaugural event. Here is a list of the betting odds for the PGA golfers to win the 2016 RBC Heritage golf tournament.

Davis Love III holds the record for most wins in this tournament with five but his last win here was in 2005. Paul Casey has only won once on the PGA Tour back in 2009. Snedeker has eight PGA Tour wins including his latest win which was at the 2016 Farmers Insurance Open in early February. He missed the cut last week but improvement is expected this week.

Graeme McDowell won the RBC Heritage in 2013. He’s a talented golfer but he never wins. He’ll win this week if he’s back to his previous form but is 5.5 to 1 odds worth the risk?

Carl Pettersson – 225 to 1 odds

Luke Donald is a fomer #1 ranked golfer but he’s not won a tournament since 2012

This is another very common reason for visiting a casino. Reason 2: To eat and drink. Catching up with friends and socializing was another very common reason for visiting a casino.

Reason 8: To learn how to play the games. While some singles and couples attended the casino to enjoy a few drinks at the bar, others were more interested in dining out at the casino restaurant.

Copyright © 2005. Someone decided to visit the casino and bring their partner, relative, friend or colleague along.

Reason 9: Romance. Written by casinoguide.ws and popularcasinos.net This document may be freely redistributed in its unedited form and on the condition that all copyright references are kept intact.

So as you can see, people don’t just visit casinos in order to gamble, but for a variety of interesting reasons.

Reason 5: Employment. Many people go to a casino because they work there, be it as a dealer, showgirl or a waitress.

By: Adel Awwad

Reason 3: Entertainment. A few people attended the casino to watch and learn how to play some of the casino games.

Reason 10: There was no solid reason 10, but a collection of funny, strange and weird answers such as “I needed to use the bathroom” and “Someone owes me money”.. Be it the couple who decided to meet at the casino on a date or the single man or woman who is hoping to meet someone interesting, casinos are apparently great venues for meeting interesting new people.

Reason 6: Boredom. This is not a reason that you’d expect to come up too frequently in people’s minds, but it is nevertheless true. The question was, “Why did you visit this casino today?” Besides receiving an odd look every now and then, I managed to get a range of different reasons why people visit casinos.

Reason 1: To gamble. Not suprisingly, this was the main reason as you can probably guess by looking around the game tables and slot machines.

Reason 7: Someone brought me here. Many people decided to venture down to the casino because they were feeling bored and did not know where else to go, or what else to do on a Friday or Saturday night.

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Reason 4: To socialize. Whether it’s to see a comedy, magic, singing or dancing show, entertainment is a major factor when it comes to drawing casino visitors.

Over the course of a few weeks, I conducted a very brief survey, asking randomly chosen casino visitors one simple question

Indian cricket team is No.1 cricket team in the ICC Test rankings. Because of their performance they … For Everyone:

India Vs Sri Lanka 1st T20 Live Streaming, India Vs Sri Lanka 1st T20 Match Live Score

By: Lucy Hanes | Dec 9th 2009 – The First T20 Match between India and Sri Lanka is going to happen on 09, December, 2009 at Vidarbha Cricket Association Ground, Nagpur. They reached the top position after defeating Sri Lanka team by an innings and 24 runs.

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